Writing II Mid-Semester Students’ Writings 2015 C and D Class on Smoke Problems

Hello there!

Previously, you have submitted your essay on movies that you liked best. Most of the writings was written in descriptive fashion, although some of you wrote argumentative essay on the topic you selected.

This time, you are required to write an argumentative essay on the following question:

“What can you argue about the smoke problem that happens in Indonesia this year (2015)?”

Please write your essay thoroughly and support it with relevant details. Arguments without evidence or proof will lower your score for this mid-term essay writing.

Also, you only need to send the writing once! Do not click the submission twice. Your essay will not be automatically displayed on the screen, but it will wait for my approval for your writing to be published.

Good Luck!

82 thoughts on “Writing II Mid-Semester Students’ Writings 2015 C and D Class on Smoke Problems

  1. NAMA : Abdi Juwan
    NPM : 12040189
    SESI : 14 C
    JUDUL: HEDON and APETHIC EFFECT

    We are not as bright as during the first, we have now the sun was shrouded in smoke. In 2015, probably most things can be told in the future is a disaster haze covering the sky Indonesia. refer from sources that the author read this smoke disaster has occurred from 2009. The main factor of this disaster is the forest fires on the island that the majority still has extensive forest and is experiencing growth in terms of development. such as the island of Borneo, Sumatra and Sulawesi that we saw was intensively doing a good development of the road infrastructure and other development. if we are keen to see the history, there has been a real disaster of 1967 and based in Riau. it shows us as citizens of Indonesia seemed never learn from what has happened and impressed negligent. it also proves that Indonesian society is never concerned with what happened in Indonesia alone.

    The causes of this disaster from year to year is not much different, yap his cause is a forest fire. if we want to examine it from different sides, we will see problems or cause different. The first cause is the interests of the authorities, why the authors say that? yes if we examine the root of the problem, of course forest burst into flames without any possibility that the trigger is quite small. forest fires occur because initially was deliberately burned forests to clear land use widest and save costs. if we want a little thought, burning of land use costs less than cut them down. if the reference were read author readings, something like this was done by the authorities who own the land. if such is of course the question arises, why protected areas are also burned? yes of course there is also a game in a protected forest issues are also on fire. Protected forests were also burned in order to no longer be protected forests and development can be done in it. there is nothing wrong with the actual construction, while every development carried out evenly and place where the place is indeed feasible development and which are not. but what happens in the present is really a mess, a lot of development is only done for the sake of some people and destroy nature. for example reclamation in the bay Benoa Bali. at bay benoa currently being carried out on the bay benoa reclamation and the authorities do not have a clear reason to do the reclamation. indeed many negative things will happen if done reclamation carried out in the bay benoa, first, there will be a flood, because Benoa Bay is an estuary of the rivers in South Bali. If the estuary does not exist, it is not possible flooding. The second loss of the lungs of the city, mangrove forests around the Gulf Benoa into the lungs of the city and if cleared, the air quality will decline. The third reason, Sacrificing nature. Gulf benoa including conservation areas that must be protected and more will happen. so things like this would be very likely to occur in the forest. as evidence, there are 15 people on the set as a suspect in Riau region which incidentally is the factory owners and businessmen who have known rogue.

    The second cause is the condition of Indonesian society which Hedon and apathetic. Indonesian society is very concerned with the state of Indonesia itself, this is evidenced by the perceived catastrophic smog Indonesia in the past 5 years in a row. this is related to the causes of forest fires first as mentioned above. ignorance of Indonesian society to facilitate Indonesian authorities and greedy businessmen to act as his or her heart and destroy nature. this does not affect the nature of damage alone, it could be something else we take a look on the fields of the state, policies, and corruption every second increase in our country is very rich. The fundamental problems of course are the youth or his students were very Hedon and closely follow the mainstream game. in fact there is nothing wrong with the mainstream, while we as the gold can pick and not swept away the mainstream it. many mainstream habits lead us into the next generation instead of the alignment. most of Indonesian young people not only become the next generation straighteners, this is evidenced by the state of the actual indonnesia never grow in the future will in fact it is never smart nseperti coveted soekarno. when soekarno kidnapped to rengas Dengklok debate as between soekarno and M. Hatta, there Hatta insisted that Indonesia must first intelligent new thinking may be independent because otherwise Indonesia will be easily colonized again by another country. but on the other hand soekarno also insisted with the thought that Indonesia should be independent and pencerdasan very possible if Indonesia has been independent. should as saying the youth in gold by soekarno soekarno we can realize this desire. remember soekarno is one of the influential in liberating Indonesia. back to the discussion of smog, really thing the main cause was the intelligence of every Indonesian society itself. if only the Indonesian people smarter or more concerned, may not be the disaster-stricken Indonesia smog or perhaps even Indonesia have become bigger and more powerful nation than the Americans. how not, Indonesia is a country which is perfect when viewed from any side of course with the exception of its human resources. Indonesia has everything needed to become a great country, arable land, a strategic location and nature are very rich. but why are we still prosperous today or still practically colonized? This thing can be said because the majority or almost all of Indonesian society was not yet mentally intelligent, thought and deed. Indonesian people tend to think only of his individual self and do not care about.

    In essence every incident in Indonesia whether it was a disaster, corruption, social inequality, racism, religious conflicts and other problems caused by the condition of Indonesian human resources was not smart from any side. should we as young people and students who have to combat this situation. we as youth and students must change this situation, because otherwise the country will soon hancur.karna each country is dependent on the youth, like yan said Bung Karno “Thousand parents can only dream of, one young person can
    change the world. “This suggests that beyond the usual role of youth in a country. The author has urged us as a student run tri dharma college namely community service. Think again try everything once and will do, it is enough that the love is there to Indonesia?

  2. Dear Sir, How can I be your student on your writing class? I want to improve my academic writing skill and I’d like to learn from you. Please let me know.
    Thankyou for your kind respond🙂

    • You can continue reading my students’ response here if you will, or you can come to my class under my permission, and the authority of course, the chair of English Education Department of the college where I work.

  3. Name : Hendra
    NIM : 11040480
    Class : 14 C
    Title : The Fresh Air

    Smoke’s pollution (smoke haze) in Indonesia has begun to decrease, especially on the island of Sumatera. The past few days, the haze that blanketed Riau and others in Sumatera are starting to diminish. This is because the successive heavy rain soaks prone hotspots in several fires, such as Riau and Jambi. Fresh air and sunshine can be enjoyed again by citizens who are victims of smog.

    Smoke disasters occurring in several regions of Sumatera due to the burning of land by some paper and palm oil companies for the benefit of the company. This causes some peatlands in Riau, Jambi and others city in Sumatera island burned and difficult to extinguish causing smog spread throughout the entire corner of the island of Sumatera. Corporate company that is proven guilty of burning the land will be penalized and lose license or license has been revoked.

    As a result of the smog that hit some regions of Sumatera island have an impact on some sectors, namely health, education, aviation and others. Health of citizens are severely threatened due to disasters of this smoke, besides it is difficult to get fresh air (oxygen) people also experiencing Acute Respiratory Infections also called ISPA especially children. In addition to the central area fires several schools in the region of Sumatera forced closed by the education minister to severals day or weeks, and flights to and from Sultan Syarif Kasim II International Airport, Pekanbaru canceled due to in the runway visibility is very low.

    Smog that hit Riau, Jambi and others region in Sumatera now been reduced. This of course makes the residents are very grateful for the calamity that befell smoke Riau and the surrounding region. People can fell the fresh air, sunshine and the blue of the sky. Now schools and airlines have started their activities back. Residents hope that the smoke disaster is not repeated either in Riau and other areas because it is very difficult to indulge in a very disturbing smoke haze.

  4. Name: susi siswanti
    Npm: 11040295
    2014 d
    Fog in Sumatra and Kalimantan

    Indonesia is a country that is clean and rich green forest and raw materials from the natural wealth of her. Not only that indonesia is a country that generate most of the minerals and a variety of fruits and vegetables are many benefits in life. But now indonesia becomes natural that no longer luminous one of them is the occurrence of smog that hit as a result of human actions are greedy and are not responsible for personal gain and without thinking about the dangers that result from their hands, such as burning forest in vain to take timber to be used as a source of money as an asset.

    This causes a lot of losses borne by the public,both in financial and above all else harm public health ,especially children .Due to smog community activities were also disrupted because of fears for traveling inhale dirty and smoky. While the most significant loss is a health hazard.Inhaled smoke every day is a dirty smoke that will automatically direct contamination of the digestive and throat and cause many other diseases it very dangerous especially dirty smoke that would directly attack the heart.

    This is evident among many of her children who had died from thr smoke hazard.But the goverment does not matter in this case, the fact is the goverment not doing anything to help the disaster victims.Even the people that the goverment has been doing demos perform an action to help the local community .And many people also do irony-subtle irony or satire againts the head of state through facebook,twiter and others of his sort of social media.

    But god does not sleep he was that one who first and know everything that happens in this earth and provide powerful solution. The rain has been copied by the master of nature.Earth is now his specialty indonesia sumatra and kalimantan has rebounded from smog. The sun and the air was slowly has returned luminous and society had been a breath of fresh clean air and free of distruptions to perfom activities especially for traveling everywhere.In this case i personally look forward to his future goverment to.strictly comply with the laws that have been made especially legislation for forest protection .To.avoid longer -fatal thing on earth.In this way his special earth people who have life in their health is not endangered and are gerenally not harmful themselves state or personal interest of certain groups.

  5. Name: susi siswanti
    Npm: 11040295
    2014 d
    Fog in Sumatra and Kalimantan

    Indonesia is a country that is clean and rich green forest and raw materials from the natural wealth of her. Not only that indonesia is a country that generate most of the minerals and a variety of fruits and vegetables are many benefits in life. But now indonesia becomes natural that no longer luminous one of them is the occurrence of smog that hit as a result of human actions are greedy and are not responsible for personal gain and without thinking about the dangers that result from their hands, such as burning forest in vain to take timber to be used as a source of money as an asset.

    This causes a lot of losses borne by the public,both in financial and above all else harm public health ,especially children .Due to smog community activities were also disrupted because of fears for traveling inhale dirty and smoky. While the most significant loss is a health hazard.Inhaled smoke every day is a dirty smoke that will automatically direct contamination of the digestive and throat and cause many other diseases it very dangerous especially dirty smoke that would directly attack the heart.

    This is evident among many of her children who had died from thr smoke hazard.But the goverment does not matter in this case, the fact is the goverment not doing anything to help the disaster victims.Even the people that the goverment has been doing demos perform an action to help the local community .And many people also do irony-subtle irony or satire againts the head of state through facebook,twiter and others of his sort of social media.

    But god does not sleep he was that one who first and know everything that happens in this earth and provide powerful solution. The rain has been copied by the master of nature.Earth is now his specialty indonesia sumatra and kalimantan has rebounded from smog. The sun and the air was slowly has returned luminous and society had been a breath of fresh clean air and free of distruptions to perfom activities especially for traveling everywhere.In this case i personally look forward to his future goverment to.strictly comply with the laws that have been made especially legislation for forest protection .To.avoid longer -fatal thing on earth.In this way his special earth people who have life in their health is not endangered and are gerenally not harmful thenselves state or personal interest of certain groups.

  6. Name : PUTRI RINA SAKTI
    NPM : 14040094/C

    The Pollutions of Smog
    The pollution of smog is a disaster caused by forest fires, where the fire was caused by two factors. First, the human factor that done intentionally or unintentionally. Fire inadvertently carried the man does not know the dangers of what they do, such as forgetting to turn off the bonfire when they travel in the forest. In addition they do not know the result of burning garbage in the woods, no matter how small it can have a major impact on living organisms. While the fires were intentional as it is done by a company in the stage of expansion, so that they do forest fires illegally without thinking about the impact.
    Secondly, the natural factor occurred inadvertently caused by natural disasters such as lightning in the rain storm, and occurs because of global warming. Both of these factors can refer to dangerous forest fires, causing fumes that are harmful to living things. Chemical product of combustion is very dangerous for human health, especially for children early age. These substances can cause death in living organisms.
    I think the racing smoke that occurred in Indonesia is very damaging surrounding communities. Because the forest fire that occur in Pekanbaru, Riau, Jambi and Palembang making other areas feel the impact of the fog. Smog is very harmful to the human respiratory tract are usually referred to ISPA. The infection is much felt by the people of Indonesia, so that encourage the government all people to wear masks, and dismiss all schools in Indonesia. Smog is also plagued neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. This pollutions smog can only be solved by rain. Approximately three months of this smog cannot be lost.
    Because of the fog, the whole community is in Indonesia to pray istiqhoroh. They appealed to the Almighty, so that the rain descended so that the haze is gone. Now for one more week of rain fell, and the smog was gone. Smog in has its own advantages and disadvantages. The loss of cause smog disaster the death and disrupt human activities. The advantage of this fog is that can enrich the soil due to the combustion substance, so that crops or plantations to flourish and benefit for farmers.
    In conclusion, the haze is very dangerous for human health. The entire biological variety will become extinct, and the forest becomes bare. Therefore, do not your make the forest become burned down because of our.

  7. Name : Mailani Utaria Ilma
    NPM : 14040078 ( C )
    Subject : Writing II
    Title : What Can You Argue About The Smog Case in Indonesia of Problem 2015

    The smog in Indonesia has happen from the last of June 2015. It is caused by the forest fires. Some provinces in Indonesia that become the hotspot are Riau, Jambi, South Sumatera, West Sumatera, West Kalimantan, and South Kalimantan, according to the data of (BNBP) National Board for Disaster Management of Indonesia. There are a lot of loss that is caused by this disaster, includes economic, education, and healthy. Many people argue that the smog disaster that happen now is because of the careless of the government. In my opinion, . the society should not blame the government, because the smog that happen in Indonesia is not entirely the fault of them.
    The disaster, especially the smog that happen in Indonesia, is the God’s need. The God gives the disaster as the reminder to us, the human, who has made more mistakes in our life. For example, we have broken the nature to full our needs. The disaster happen to prove that the God is angry to us because of that mistakes. We should not blame the other but, we should take a look to our self. What mistake that we have done and what solution that we can give. Therefore, the smog disaster that happen in Indonesia is not only the fault of the government but, it is also the fault of all the Indonesian society
    The smog that happen in Indonesia caused by the forest fires doing by some irresponsible people. They fire the forest without consider the bad effect that is caused by they activities. There are many reason that cause the forest fires. One of them comes from the economic side. People fire the forest to open a new farmland, where it can be used to plant some plants. So that, they can sell the product to get some money.they do it to save their life. But, they do the wrong way. The opening of the new farmland should be done by cuts the trees, not burn it because, the fire from one tree can move to other trees around it.
    The government has shown their responsibilities although the disaster is not come from them. They send some helps to the people whose stay near to the hotspot, like in Riau, West Sumatera, South Sumatera, West Kalimantan and other provinces that are declared as the hotspot regions. The government also try to put the fire out in the hotspot regions by send the fire fighter and some planes which can bring much water to put out the fire. If the society can realize the responsibilities that is done by the government to clear the problem that is caused by this smog, I am sure they will not blame them again.
    All in all, the smog disaster that happen in Indonesia is caused by the fault of all the Indonesian. Not just the government’s but, also the society’s fault. The society should not blame the government, so do the government should not blame the society. We should not blame each other. The one solution of this disaster that can be done is we should help each other to make out better life.

  8. NAME : SUKMA FAJARISTA
    NPM : 14040099
    SESSION : C
    SUBJECT : WRITING II

    -WHAT CAN YOU ARGUE ABOUT THE SMOG CASE IN INDONESIA OF PROBLEM 2015-

    From the bbc.com, fires in Indonesia continue to cause smog and haze across the region, with air pollutants reaching dangerous levels in Singapore. As of 5am on September 25th, the country’s pollutant levels were the highest measured to date in 2015. At these levels, the entire population is likely to be adversely affected, and officials have already closed all primary and secondary schools until the situation improves.

    The sudden rise in poor air quality is likely occurring due to a shift in wind direction that is transporting smoke and haze from land and forest fires in South Sumatra, Indonesia. The District of Ogan Komering Ilir continues to lead in the number of active fire alerts, with 423 high-confidence hotspots in the last week. As WRI recently reported, Indonesia’s forest fires have hit their highest point in at least three years, most likely due to illegal burning on agricultural and peat lands. The country saw more than 13,000 fire alerts last week alone.

    Half of the fires in Sumatra are occurring on carbon-rich peat lands, contributing to the extremely poor air quality and spewing greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Some of the fires are also burning inside pulp and paper and oil palm concessions, others are on land controlled by smallholders. Precise fire locations can be easily seen by zooming in on Global Forest Watch Fires together with overlays of licenses and company names.

    Air quality continues to be poor across South Sumatra and Kalimantan, with demonstrations taking place in Central Kalimantan to demand greater action against the fires.

    Citizens wishing to take action against the fires may join the Global Forest Watch Fires campaign with Tom nod to tag illegal fires in Indonesia captured by Digital Globe ultra-high resolution satellites. Data collected on the location of active fires and burn scars will be shared with authorities investigating the perpetrators of Indonesia’s ongoing fires crisis.

    While fires are typically present in Indonesia during the dry season, this week saw a significant jump in the number of fire alerts. Data from GFW Fires shows 358 high-confidence fire alerts across Sumatra and 527 high-confidence fire alerts across Kalimantan over the past seven days. Sixty-six percent of the fire alerts occurred within the boundaries of oil palm, logging, and pulpwood concessions.

    Source by bbc.com, the number of fires is a noticeable increase when compared to the past few weeks, especially for the provinces of Central and West Kalimantan, and for Southern Sumatra In a pattern different from the last two major fire outbreaks in June 2013 and February and March 2014, the number of fire alerts in Riau Province was lower than in surrounding regions.

  9. NAMA : MEZI RAHMADANI
    NPM : 14040084 / C
    SUBJECT : WRITING II
    SMOG

    The last few months, several provinces in Indonesia madly in smog. Such as Riau , Kalimantan, Palembang, and west Sumatra and Jambi. This smog caused by forest fires in several provinces. Forest fires caused by the burning of illegal land to cultivation, and the land acquisition for oil palm planted one of that. And this leads to smog that continues to adversely affect the community. The impact covers a very wide area, because some of the provinces in Indonesia madly in dry season.

    Due to, the smog that plagued many happened of bad effects , such as public health problems which cause respiratory tract infection. In addition, some schools also in Insist that because of the level of pollution has exceeded the limits of danger. On the other hand some flights at various airports also canceled because of limited visibility, it also affects the economy of the community in various fields, such as farmers because of the production of food crops and vegetables in the fields of production has decreased. Because of the production plants that rely on unobstructed sunlight haze, like rice which could not be planted because the soil hard. Also can make the animals sick and dead..

    In addition to impact on several provinces in Indonesia, the smog also have an impact on neighboring countries such as Malaysia, and some other neighboring countries. In this case the problem is who to blame and responsible with this situation. Blame in this matter actually is useless and does not resolve the issue.
    Fires in the forests in Indonesia is very pose a major problem, especially for animals that had been living in it, because of the forest fire many extinct animals and displaced live them. The situation is attracting a lot of attention neighboring countries, because of the haze in 2015 is The worst situation that occurred in Indonesia.

    In conclusion, we as citizens of Indonesia should maintain and preserve forests in the lungs of the world, and attracted so many problem of the animals .in this situation we also cannot blame the government, because this is not entirely the fault of the government. The magnitude of the impact that caused should raise awareness for the arsonists. Because of his actions at the expense of many people for the sake of profit. Though this situation is also felt by the people closest to them. And should seek other alternatives to open new land by using modern technology that is environmentally friendly.

  10. Dori Arnanda
    Npm:14040085/C

    In my heart I cried to see how people treat nature Indonesia. I really love nature Indonesia are rich in biodiversity but condemns the board minded government waste that deplete the biological richness brutally and mercilessly.

  11. Name :NURWAHYUNI
    NPM :14040073
    Session :2014 /C
    Subject : Mid Term Writing II

    SMOG

    Now a days there were many news about smog disasters,was happened in Sumatera and Kalimantan. Even though smog disasters was happened in Indonesia was to an other country Malaysia and Singapore. That was happened because natural factor of influence of the phenomenon El-Nino.El-Nino storm is dry season will be more longer , mainly, the islands that have in around the aquator line.
    Dry the forest ,land and winds can cause the appearance of hot fires.However the problem focus of smog disaster is natural factor.That not be a secret if some plantation based companies internationally to burn forest or to clear and for plantations. Therefor this problem not entirely fault of the government. Indonesian government has attempted to stave this problem ,it is just people who burn the fire forest. responsibility.Unfortunately this cases continues for years until smog disaster of years in Indonesia.But the most dangerous smog disaster is this years.who is the people behind that problem?the answer not yet be certainly.Appropriate if low for that has problem about fire forest,increased legal class,in order there is a deterrent affect on the perpetrators and simultaneously reduce this smog disaster.
    There are many effect of smog,in all aspect ,like, healthy,Education,and economic aspect.The healthy aspect has made the healthy of people like this Influenza,Cough,Sore throat,Out of breath,Fever,Dizziness,and Headache.All of the trouble has attack this children,adult,and all of the people that has smog area.Event in one of area especially in Riau has victim that was pas away.The second more loss of smog effect is educations aspect ,education in Indonesia in some area smog has become his turn,the student of school must free, because the thickness of smog has dangerous level.Therefor examination schedule will be cancel.and the lass effect of smog is economic aspect,has agricultural produce of the estate to be reduced.Because of smog,plant like Chili,Tomato,Rice plan,and Vegetables grow not has perfect because, pests of smog disaster.Therefor prince of the plant that has expensive.Not only other people ,But ,I also felt the impact of the smog disaster.I also fell acute respiratory infection(influenza,cough,sore throat,out of breath,fever,dizziness and headache). And my mom also felt more loss cause price of foodstuffs more expensive.
    In conclusion,the problem of the smog disaster not entirely from government.should that side of companies do not the fire forest.But can do by cut of forest.until the effect of action not has impact to society and environment.

  12. Dear flowery syahbavi
    Npm:14040075/c

    Smoke problem disturbing the activity of Indonesian society, especially people in West Sumatra. this resulted in a lot of babies who died, can damage farmers’ crops, respiratory diseases and so on.

  13. Name : Bertha Nisaa Ulkhaeir
    NPM : 14040074
    Class : 2014 C
    Subject : Argue About the smoke problem that happens in Indonesia this year (2015)

    The largest and most severe forest fires occurred in 2015 precisely forest fires in Riau, Jambi, and most areas in Kalimantan, which causes the area around the center of forest fires are victims of these events, especially the area of Padang and Bukittinggi. As a result of these fires cause a lot of harm both material and non-material.

    First, the declining health of smog. Due to very dense smog that makes the public health of West Sumatera especialy of Padang city to be disturbed. Activity is mostly done outdoors requires people of Padang breathe air that is not good for health. When thick smog blanketed the Padang city, Padang city government schools dismiss students from elementary school, junior and senior high school so that people with respiratory infection that attacks people desert the city has not increased much.

    Secondly, the smog that blanketed areas of West Sumatra a few months has resulted in a decrease in tourist visits. Bukittinggi town known as a tourist attraction even experienced a decline in visitors by 80 percent. The many attractions that exist in Bukittinggi such as; Bukittinggi’s Zoo, Lubang Japang and many place in Bukittinggi will be the visitors deserted when I visited the tourist attraction. One trader I have met around the Jam Gadang say, conditions such as empty of visitors has been going on since smog blanketing the city air. The same condition also occurs in several other tourist attractions such as the attraction Panorama Park and Lubang Japang in the road Panorama and attractions Fort de Kock at Yos Sudarso street. Decreased levels of tourists visit these managers of tourist attraction and traders around the clock Tower losers compared to normal days. If haze shipment from neighboring provinces continue, losses estimated at billions of rupiah.

    Last, Several animals collection in Bukittinggi’s Zoo, West Sumatra, look limp and lack of appetite. This is due to the unhealthy air conditions because of the haze in recent months. Smog that enveloped the air of Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, the last few months have a negative impact on animal health of the Bukittinggi’s Zoo collection. Creatures of the most vulnerable among types of primates such as orangutans, monkeys,and gibbons. The administrator of the wildlife park, said the impact of the haze to animals is quite alarming. Smog is increasingly becoming, it is alarming to the animals in Bukittinggi’s Zoo Areas, especially in primates. Very I fear this animal collection ISPA, but managers Wildlife Areas already anticipate all the possible bad happened to give the animals a good meal and give vitamins to maintain animal health.

    Hopefully the rain this week, can reduce a thick haze and make the fresh air again. so that all victims of smog, especially in Padang city residents can breathe fresh air in the morning without having to worry about the disease again.

  14. THE SMOG IMPACT IN ECONOMIC FIELD

    The smog in Indonesia is a big impact in the economic field. Indonesia suffered a loss of more than 20 trillion. It was only in the field of economic losses and excluding the other field such as health, politic, culture, and other, but extraordinary losses only in the economic field which had an adverse impact to the people of Indonesia, especially in the economic field. Can we see, not only the impact on the country, but losses due to smog can we see that life people of people Indonesia. The adverse of smog very big on the economic of smog again country, companies, or ordinary people such as traders, farmer, and working.

    Last years, the adverse in the economic due to the haze is not as much this year and the estimate to adverse of the smog in this year is the disaster smog that so long and very make our country to field. The field of the economic impact cause the smog is the adverse losses in the field of tourism, sales, basicnecessities are expensive and losses on an agricultural field.

    First, the adverse coming of the smog on the economy is the tourism because the province is the source of smog is Jambi. And there will hold even Tour De Siak 2015. The event Tour De Siak 2015 will be followed by the participants in the country and abroad. And execution of the event is an event that makes tourism of Indonesia to be more known to the world. The Especially in the province of Riau. Another event was held also in West Sumatera is Tour De Singkarak. And we can see that the effort to increase the number of tourist t Indonesia so there is no result because of smog thwart all the plans in the field of tourism. The revenue empty area of the tourism sector and residents lose jobs.

    Second, the smog not only affects tourism in Indonesia but because smog is too long to make sales in any field decline. Consumers can’t get out of the house because they are afraid of diseases that come from the fog and they prefer at home and use and wear what was home alone. And this situation is also very influential on traders, particularly traders of food and household needs. Traders can’t do anything because the current conditions are not good to get out of the house. And not only affect the small traders but also affect large enterprises. Such as food on a large scale and also suffered losses on a large scale because consumers do not want to leave the house because most consumers are children.

    Third, the negative impact of smog on the economic sector is the expensive needs. For example we can see of food and something to be bought society. Due to the limited staple of farmer are also highly correlated with the price of food in the market. Any price needs such as rice, vegetables, and fruit also expensive in the market. The high cost of everything we needed was a negative impact of smog that this condition makes people suffer, because people are not only against the smoke but because of this disaster Indonesia society also have to fight the high cost of living.

    In Conclusion, disaster smog greatly affect the Indonesia economy, It was only in the field of economic losses and excluding the other field such as health, politic, culture, and other, but extraordinary losses only in the economic field which had an adverse impact to the people of Indonesia, especially in the economic field.The field of the economic impact cause the smog is the adverse losses in the field of tourism, sales, basicnecessities are expensive.

  15. NAME : AYU ANIRA
    NPM : 13040233

    At this year’s haze has become a national disaster, According to the media that I read. But, in my opinion haze phenomenon is happening is in fact not a disaster but a man-made damage. While the disaster itself is something that happens because of the will of the earthquake and tsunami natural as others. But smog is fire and willful destruction of forests by certain parties seeking advantage and disadvantage people.

    Smog is actually in fact not a new thing in Indonesia, but the events that have lasted a long time. This year only the haze in Indonesia has been very detrimental to the number of dots burned forests has been almost throughout Indonesia. In Papua was the highest number of fires. Moreover, In These fires occur in the dry season and it makes the fog is spreading throughout Indonesia even to countries neighbors.

    Therefore, neighboring countries complain with this common problem. The government should be firm against this problem. Not only solve the problem of fog that occurs but also take action and investigate the mastermind of the fire. Finding out who burned and who was responsible for the incident.

  16. Name : Putri Andika Nofra
    Npm : 14040091
    essay title : The Impact of Smoke Disaster

    The smoke caused by forest fires because of human burning of forest to their business.first the smoke cause trouble respiration is ISPA. Many children and adults attack ISPA. And many victim die cause this smoke. The smoke also disturb eyesign. the smoke make people attack fever. Amount of patient ISPA up in some place that thick smoke as sumatera and kalimantan. The smoke also make people dehydration. Then, Effect of smoke in some area especially in sumatera and kalimantan too emergency to handle. The smoke has too spread everywhere . very difficult to stop this quickly. The smoke has untill to neighbor country as malaysia, singapore. They angry to our country because has make air polution to their country. Smoke also disturbing activities of people . afterthat , Some people suing the government because they neglicence to keep health of public. The smoke due to the impact of human health. The disaster is considered to have violated HAM is get a chance healthy life. In the short time the government uses artifial rain to help reduce smoke. All aircraft have been ordered to burning. But burning cant done because of thick smoke. And flights still disturbed. Artificial rain can’t do that because there is no potential rain clouds . forest fires and smoke estimate had reached billion rupiah. Indonesian people should finish the problem os smoke is happening now. The smoke also spread to neighbor country. The dry season makes the smoke too emergency. Some school dont allow go to school to keep health of students. Thick smoke should be serious crime because the impact of the smoke has made million people attack ISPA . the government should give punishman seriously to agent of forest fires .Not only agent who responsible for this accident but the government also must more responsible on this accident .Inconclusion the smoke has bad effect for people because disturb activities as healthy,economics,education . government should do something to overcoming problem that happens in our country.

  17. Name : Rino Irawan
    NPM : 14040076 – 2014 C
    Title : Smog, national disaster not disaster local residents

    Smog, a national disaster not the local residents disaster

    The smog that envelopment many areas in Indonesia is getting worse. It is not only a disaster for local residents, but also to a national disaster. Because causing many adverse effect for various parties and various fields.

    First, in the field of health, smog raises many adverse effects. The worst impact is pneumonia. If it had been exposed to pneumonia, the impact is even worse is meningitis. While the most common effects are respiratory infection, irritation to the eyes, nose, and throat, and can also worsen for asthmatics. This has an impact on all parties. Such as infants, children, adults, and the elderly.

    Then, the effect of smog also has an impact on education. Schools in various regions in Indonesia were forced to be closed until it is safe. If the smog is not too lose or even worsen, the education program in Indonesia will be disrupted and it led to students in Indonesia are not learned in a long time, also make national exam schedule is not in accordance with specified target. This effect is very bad for education in Indonesia.

    The last, the impact of the economic. Fairly extensive forest fires in Indonesia, causing hug losses. Due to the thick smog that makes the visibility to be limited, that causing the flight schedule were canceled. And suffered substantial losses for airlines. Smog also disrupts trade an economic activity. For example; the production of food and vegetables from farmers decreased, because the productions process plants rely on sunlight fog.

    In conclusion, the government should solve the smoke case disaster as a national disaster, not only disaster of local residents because it has an impact on many people and many fields. And the government also give an attention to the citizens that the obligate to care. Most of the incidents of the smoke effected a death, especially the children also be victims of this case.

  18. Name : Monica Jeli Utami
    NPM : 14040088 – 2014 C
    Title : Disadvantages that Cause of Smog

    Disadvantages that Cause of Smog

    Forest fire that there in province Riau and cause a thick smoke, and that’s all a lot of made a disadvantages to the people Indonesia, especially in Padang city and surroundings. The fire that cause by the people that not holding responsible cause three disadvantages, there are to the students, air transportation and to the farmer.

    First, because of smog that more and more be thick and have disseminated until to Kabupaten Lima Puluh Kota, Payakumbuh, and Agam. That’s all cause the students in Junior high School and Senior high school must be vacation,if the student let to continue to school it will cause the students attacked many disease because the air not healthy for health. And this vacation will make the process of teaching and learning disturbed. This condition have to quickly handling by Indonesian government, if not situation like this will impede the students.

    Second,the smog also make the air transportation disturbing. Because of smog, the air transportation not walk at ease it cause the income of company economy will decrease. If this problem always continuous that’s all can cause the company of air transportation will experiencing of bankruptcy. Not only this problem, the another problem also will appear for example to the passenger that needed air transportation to go to outside town, but can not because the transportation not walk at ease and that’s all cause of the smoke.

    And the last, the smog will cause disadvantages to the farmer, because the smoke will made the land become not fertility. And it will make the farmer can not to cultivation. If the farmer can not to cultivation automatics that’s will molest they works and they will not getting money because not work. If this matter still be continuous that’s will cause society of Indonesia become misery and the government of Indonesia can not letting this problem happened. The government of Indonesia have to find the solution of this problem more quickly.

    In brief, the fire forest that happened cause disadvantages to the society of Indonesia, there are to the students, air transportation, and then to the farmer. and this problem have to quickly overcome by government of Indonesia and have to quickly find the solution of this problem. not only that, the health of society also have to be considered. because the thick smoke will cause bronchi infection.

  19. NAME : SYAHRUL RAMADHAN
    NPM : 14040086
    MID TEST ABOUT PROBLEM OF SMOG

    SMOKE PROBLEM
    in my opinion, elementary school students are required to stay in school. In fact KBM for elementary school students during the smog will only last Monday and Thursday. While Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday and Saturday closed. One of the parents, said the government’s decision of changing and tend to suddenly confuse parents. Head of Education Office of Jambi Saiful Huda recognizes the difficult decisions to dismiss students for a long period of time as long as there is no certainty regarding the easing of dense smog. The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) Station Pekanbaru, Riau, said haze due to land and forest fires that blanketed some areas in Riau continues to deteriorate resulting in visibility of only 50 meters. Thick haze that allegedly been sent from South Sumatra to remember on Tuesday (6/10) observed 360 hot spots of a total of 384 points were detected in Sumatra. Other hot spots observed in Jambi contributed with 10 points, 5 points Lampung, Sumatera Barat 6 points, 2 points and the Pacific Islands. There are many effects of smoke; the first, smoke produced can damage the respiratory system, and there was an infection in the respiratory tract are known as ISPA. The second, the limited activity of citizens. The third, There are many accidents due to reduced visibility allows. In addition to the negative effects of smog also have a positive effect as first land into fertile, eliminating biodiversity and kill microorganisms in the soil. In conclusion, the conclusion is, smog occurred in Pekanbaru, Riau, and so on, it has been many casualties due to the action of an individual who is not responsible.

  20. Name : Rika Astria
    NPM : 14040090 / 2014 C
    Subject : Mid Term Writing II About Smog Disaster

    SMOG

    Two months ago there has been a disaster smog. Smog disasters that occurred in Indonesia is very concerned with the serious condition and being worried about the catastrophic smog. Smog disaster that occurred in some provinces such as Riau, West Sumatera, Jambi, Palembang and West Kalimantan. Smoke occurs due to wildfires that burned illegally to expand the area carried out by people who are not responsible. The main factors of disasters smog caused by prolonged drought and resulting wildfires. Clean air levels in the affected areas smog is not clean anymore, because fire resulting in haze huge thick dense.

    Smog that occurred in several provinces in Indonesia in felt also by some neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Singapore. Smog so thick and dense that not good for the human respiratory especially for children under five, pregnant women and the elderly, because it can interfere with breathing and our health also called ISPA (Acute Respiratory Infections). Fog of smoke inhaled by humans make our breathing is irregular such as shortness of breath, cough, sore throat, asthma, and pneumonia. For the local government encourages the entire community to be able to use a mask when activities outside the home.

    Smog that has been severe with levels that are very dangerous to make education offices in the affected areas smog provide a policy to dismiss students from kindergartens, elementary schools, junior high schools and high schools with a note giving the task to be done at home as long as holiday period back to school.

    As we already know through the news on television, radio, social media and others for months smog became a topic of conversation in Indonesia because many people are affected by ISPA and resulted in many victims died because of smog. Seen in the news a month ago there was a toddler in Riau man died because of ISPA. Smog disaster that took place in this very alarming at all because it makes the system unstable economy, damaged plantations, fisheries, education, and most of all health.

    With this smog disaster I also experienced ISPA in because the air in Padang is also dangerous. An a week I got ISPA disease caused symptoms of sore throat, shortness of breath, cough, dizziness, headache and fever as well. Because of the smog I always wear a mask if activity outside the house and also went to see the doctor to immediately recover from respiratory diseases that make physical condition is unstable.

    In conclusion smog problem for many cities in Indonesia and continues to threaten the environment. Smog in a state of very dangerous and even cause respiratory problems for humans. The smoky haze inhibiting eye sight and damage the lungs. Smog disaster that happened really troubling us all. The impact of smog is very broad ranging from health aspects, economic, social, cultural, international relations and so forth. Because of the magnitude of the impact, it needs a serious step in handling this smog. By providing health posts in the affected areas smog, recommends to wear a mask when activity outside the home and the government should quickly address the issue of catastrophic fires by lowering all personnel to cooperate in putting out fires as Disaster Management Agency, Fire Fighter, TIMSAR, Army Force by using a fire extinguisher to minimize haze grew thicker and we must to protect our forest.

  21. Name : Pandu Febrian
    Npm : 14040071
    Title : Smog : Emergency or Not?

    Essay :

    Smog has been a natural phenomenon that is feared every year. Even the smog has been a yearly event. A chronic disease that causes concern of all citizens of Indonesia. Because every year it’s been one casualty because of the haze. This year is the worst haze of smog before. yes, certainly the most severe area is Riau. Riau has been the area most prone to smog. The second area is on the island of Borneo. WHY ?. Since both of these areas is highly desirable industrial area by the entrepreneurs build their companies. Such as corporate clothing, food and shelter. Certainly in our minds why the government just stand by and take no action that is decisive for the rogue entrepreneurs who carelessly burn the rest of the factory production. And also, the burning of land also cause smog.

    Smog also to neighboring regions such as Malaysia and Singapore. The two governments as to provide a written letter to the President of Indonesia, Mr.Joko Widodo. Various attempts have been made to overcome this smog. But the effort was just pointless. Each year various efforts were also made so that the smog does not happen again but smog still occur. Now the only areas on the island of Sumatra and Borneo islands have become smog. All complained why it could happen. Many community activities disrupted because of the smog. To the extent that the students were closed school because of learning activities they are disturbed because of this.

    Participation of the entire people of Indonesia in tackling the haze has also become one of the haze prevention. We can provide help by not carelessly burning trash. That way only we can reduce the haze. The president also has an appeal letter to the people to be more loving environment, especially caring for lands that could be the source of our life. And also we have to keep an eye on any suspicious gestures of the people who are not responsible and we can report the incident to the institutions that deal with the matter.

    Assistance from neighboring countries are also coming in tackling this incident. They send various kinds of advanced equipment to dampen hotspots growing. However, the fire still spread everywhere to make the entire forest burned. Fortunately, the last few weeks of rain has flushed our country and also deaden hotspots. Thus diminishing fires and haze in areas also reduced. Visibility previously covered have now Started to gradually return to normal.

    The conclusion of my writing this is the haze has become a dangerous event has even become a chronic disease for our country, for which we must be prepared if such incidents reoccur.

  22. Dori Arnanda 14040085/C In my heart I cried to see how people treat nature Indonesia. I really love nature Indonesia are rich in biodiversity but condemns the board minded government waste that deplete the biological richness brutally and mercilessly.

  23. Dori Arnanda 14040085/C In my heart I cried to see how people treat nature Indonesia. I really love nature Indonesia are rich in biodiversity but condemns the board minded government waste that deplete the biological richness brutally and mercilessly.

  24. Name : Liza Marzawati
    Npm : 14040095
    Title : Argue about the smog in Indonesia (2015)

    Haze in Riau have been very disturbing community activities, smog causes of this is the existence of a company that is planning to make oil palm plantations, then they burn the forest. Because of the wind, the fire eventually expanding to produce a dense smog and can cause illness and traffic accidents because the visibility is not perfect.
    First, any person affected by the haze now have to wear a mask. Masks have been a part of people’s lives in Riau in the past month. Masks can protect the wearer from the air that is polluted by smog. Ranging from children to adults, all wearing masks. Because the level of air pollution ‘dangerous’ mask now worn anywhere, even inside buildings such as shopping centers, colleges, schools and all the activity both inside and outside the room. The main reason people wear a mask is health, if you do not use a mask then we will be exposed to respiratory disorders.
    Second, in addressing smog necessary cooperation, responsibility and awareness together to stop the indiscriminate burning fields. Although at this time the police have established suspects and will be prosecuted, but if every year is still burning, a disaster will happen again.
    Third, smog attack Riau and West Sumatra have caused many residents in the two provinces was ill. People suffering from diseases caused by smoke such as respiratory infections, pneumonia, asthma, irritation of the eyes and skin.
    The smoke was so thick that comes from the act of burning land and forests in Riau widespread. Almost the entire area in Riau and West Sumatra covered in smog.
    Smoke land and forest fires not only in Indonesia, but also has spread in the State Malaysia and Singapore.
    Fourth, losses from smoke haze that inhibition of economic activity, public health, and the animals that inhabit the area burnt was also threatened with death. In the economic field, the haze disrupt flight schedules. While in the field of education, as a result of the smog that schools were closed in order to maintain the health of the students. Not only that, the thick smoke also cause death in infants and children.
    In conclusion, we hope that smog will not happen again in the State of Indonesia that we love.

  25. Name : Lusia etdris
    Npm : 14040079
    Title : Argue about the smog problem in Indonesia (2015)

    Smog occurred in Riau and Kalimantan island very much inpact negative.not only interfere with breathing humans,but also damage the environment.etc
    .
    First,destroy natural resources,not only that,the smog also cause several illnesses such as flu and caugh,ISPA,Diare.ISPA occurs because the air we breathe every day is not clean anymore and ultimately damage our respiratory system,smog damage clean air,and the environment.As well as diare,diare caused because the food we eat has been polluted by smog.

    Second,the haze interfere with human activities,such resulting in a thick haze visibility disturbed us when carrying vehicle,if we are not careful,ot will be fatal,we could have an accident
    .
    Next,the smog also have an impact on the economic crisis,such as low income,it is in result because to leave the house and just spent a lot his free time in the house,if people in the house to dwell in,auto buyer will be reduced an income will be recuded merchant.

    Finally,otherwise government can stop this smog,not just close school or distributing masks,it school were closed there will be an impact again,not reduce,instead it adds to the negative impact.In my opinion the government can do things,like find out where the smoke poin occurs and make artificial rain in the area,so that people who are in riau,Kalimantan and Sumatra island can breathe fress air again.

    Email : Lusia.etdris05@gmail.com
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    Instagram : Lusia¬_etdriss05
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  26. Name : Liza Marzawati
    Npm : 14040095
    Title : Argue about smog problem in Indonesia (2015)

    Haze in Riau have been very disturbing community activities, smog causes of this is the existence of a company that is planning to make oil palm plantations, then they burn the forest. Because of the wind, the fire eventually expanding to produce a dense smog and can cause illness and traffic accidents because the visibility is not perfect.
    First, any person affected by the haze now have to wear a mask. Masks have been a part of people’s lives in Riau in the past month. Masks can protect the wearer from the air that is polluted by smog. Ranging from children to adults, all wearing masks. Because the level of air pollution ‘dangerous’ mask now worn anywhere, even inside buildings such as shopping centers, colleges, schools and all the activity both inside and outside the room. The main reason people wear a mask is health, if you do not use a mask then we will be exposed to respiratory disorders.
    Second, in addressing smog necessary cooperation, responsibility and awareness together to stop the indiscriminate burning fields. Although at this time the police have established suspects and will be prosecuted, but if every year is still burning, a disaster will happen again.
    Third, smog attack Riau and West Sumatra have caused many residents in the two provinces was ill. People suffering from diseases caused by smoke such as respiratory infections, pneumonia, asthma, irritation of the eyes and skin.
    The smoke was so thick that comes from the act of burning land and forests in Riau widespread. Almost the entire area in Riau and West Sumatra covered in smog.
    Smoke land and forest fires not only in Indonesia, but also has spread in the State Malaysia and Singapore.
    Fourth, losses from smoke haze that inhibition of economic activity, public health, and the animals that inhabit the area burnt was also threatened with death. In the economic field, the haze disrupt flight schedules. While in the field of education, as a result of the smog that schools were closed in order to maintain the health of the students. Not only that, the thick smoke also cause death in infants and children.
    In conclusion, we hope that smog will not happen again in the State of Indonesia that we love.

  27. nama :nike tria wulandari
    npm : 14040102
    sesi. : c

    catastrophic smok

    smok disasters caused by irresponsible human.increasing the increasingly dense haze from forest firen and land.smok blanketed some areas of sumatra and kalimantan.sumatra and kalimantan region are included into the category of emergency,because of the haze is very disturbing activities of the community and public health.espencially the health of children isa affected by smok,many children are expored to coughing and shortness of breathing,so the government called on all people to wear masks let alone out of the room,and do not allow children so not allow child activity out doors.smok also effect business,and the flight path.environment and forestry ministry recorded 156 hotspots source of smok.
    presiden joko widodo said the handling of the haze will handing of the haze will be carried out intensively,one of then opened a post handling smok and distribute free masks in sumatra and kalimantan.my opinion to this smok the government should more forcefully against the human buntung of forest and field that cause harm and healthy,the government should take legal action because the problem is harming people,and our country is a country of laws and we want this issue resolved so that the acting environment laws are not arbitrary again.

  28. Name: Elia Sofiana
    NPM : 11040062/ 14C
    Tittle : Smoke Problems

    In this life, there are some various organism, such as: human, animal, plant, etc. and in this life there are some various human activities, like: farmer, trader, fish-men, teacher, police, entrepreneur, etc. now, we will discuss about one of human activities, namely about smoke problems.

    The origin of the haze this smoke, caused by the hand of man himself, deforest illegally, for oil palm of garden, finally damaging most living creatures on this earth. the effects of this smoke is very much, especially: children and elderly people are many in hospital, struck ISPA, and died, and there are up to in-patient at the hospital. Insist that forced the school, because students can not follow the learning process in such circumstances. the area most several affected by the smoke is Riau and Palangkaraya, and now has spread to nearby areas, such as: field, Medan, Jakarta, and so on.

    If this matter continue, the effect of this smoke will spread and students will the stupid caused do not school. According me, government and president must acted, so by the reduce this smoke. and if caught the person doing logging, he should be sanctioned, so as not to harm this nation again. We all of them, this is studied for us, if we want do something, first think about what the consequences.

  29. Name: Khoiro Hasanah
    NPM: 11040274
    Mid-Semester: Writing II
    About the Smoke Case In Indonesia of 2015

    Smoke case in public places has been a hot issue these last in various countries who are discussing the effects a ban of smoking. There are several debates on smoking ban. Even thought, the harmful effect of smoking, both active and passive are well know and undeniable smoking is fate from being in decline it is spreading among young people in particular quickly.

    Most controversial debate is going on public smoking ban. There are a lot of arguments brought up both in favor and against a public smoking ban. Some of the arguments in favor are the following. Smoking ban is one of the controversial ways for reducing smoking and recognizing non smokers right to get health protection. The health risk of smoking are clear. People should not have in hale the ill effects of other people’s smoking. People have a right to protect themselves from smoke inhalation.

    Many leading medical and scientific organization recognize second hand smoke as cause of a range of the life threatening condition. The health situation could be drastically impax if one of the risk factors tobacco was eliminated. Passive smoking does carry prove air quality. The reason is simple smoking ban effect directly are people repidly and we can see its effect in short term period.

    Some people against a ban say that smoking bans’ damage business. Business, smokers, publicans, tobacco, odors, and some of the non smokers a posse public smoking ban. Therefore, some smokers think that the public smoking ban is expressiveness.

    In conclusion about the smoke case is very harmful to the health for many people and institute. Some of them agree and disagree with smoking ban. Although many people favor about this ban, but we can not ignore the opinion from people who against. Therefore every body in country especially government have to think hardly about this police. Thus, no side feel disappointed.

  30. Name : Devi Surya Adini
    NPM : 14040093/14C
    Tittle : Bad Effect of Smog

    The rain that fall has eliminated smog, but the impact of smog is still there. Before the rains, smog impact the respiratory tract health. Many people are sick on they respiratory tract and difficult to breath, even until someone died. Smog can also cause stimulation of the airways until cause allergies. The people that have asthma can appear more frequent asthma attacks, also suffering from allergic rhinitis. Smog haze happened as long weeks, that can reduce lung function. The effect is that it can cause chronic coughing, airway constriction, even can cause asthma in people who previously did not have a history.

    After the rains the haze is gone, but the impact still can we feel. Do not just in health, smoke haze also impact to Indonesian economy. Indonesia suffered a loss of more than 20 trillion. besides other losses is missing of biological diverse. Such as many animals die especially herbivore because less of food. When they have food in the forest they can eat everything that they want to it, but now there are no food anymore for them, therefore make me fell sad because all of biological can not life safety anymore especially human .

  31. Name : Devi Surya Adini
    NPM : 14040093/14C
    Tittle : Bad effect of Smog

    The rain that fall has eliminated smog, but the impact of smog is still there. Before the rains, smog impact the respiratory tract health. Many people are sick on they respiratory tract and difficult to breath, even until someone died. Smog can also cause stimulation of the airways until cause allergies. The people that have asthma can appear more frequent asthma attacks, also suffering from allergic rhinitis. Smog haze happened as long weeks, that can reduce lung function. The effect is that it can cause chronic coughing, airway constriction, even can cause asthma in people who previously did not have a history.

    After the rains the haze is gone, but the impact still can we feel. Do not just in health, smoke haze also impact to Indonesian economy. Indonesia suffered a loss of more than 20 trillion. besides other losses is missing of biological diverse. Such as many animals die especially herbivore because less of food. When they have food in the forest they can eat everything that they want to it, but now there are no food anymore for them, therefore make me fell sad because all of biological can not life safety anymore especially human .

  32. Name : Elia Roza Fransiska
    Npm : 14040175 – 2014 C
    Mid : Writing 11
    Title : Narative Essay

    The Effect Smoke in Indonesia 2015

    Problem of smoke in Indonesia 2015 is in a very bad condition and worrying. The effects of this smog generated a lot of negative things either from damage to public health and decline in the level of the community economy as a result of forest fires in clay and cause very severe haze that occurred in Indonesia.
    First the song caused by the burning of illegal deforestation forest burning is a lot happening in Riau , Kalimantan, Jambi, and Sumatera of June 2015 to the present ,a very dangerous situation occurred in the capital area Pekanbaru because of pollution level that exceed a dangerous limit. This forest burning polluting haze that almost every Indonesia .This forest is used for the benefit of people who are not responsible , and give up all the way for personal gain. In the fuel is used for planting oil palm and planted with various crops personal benefit. The effect of forest fires pose a very thick fog and its impact on the health of many people especially for children and the elderly were getting ISPA (Acute Respiratory Infection ) and allergy skin we out health impact its adverse effects on the economy are also many people who complain that their economies declined ,and the final impact on education in which all students of the school were closed because reduces the impact of the ISPA.
    Second how to we come the problems of smog called on the government and the high side to follow up the case of forest fires by people who are not responsible , and draw the attention of the problems of illegal forest burning and find the people who made this problem. Ask concern over the occurrence of the disaster and ask for support both from moral and material support .If not be dealt with as. Soon as possible so will be even greater adverse effects and harm to society in Indonesia 2015.
    In conclusion smog is frequent because of the forest fires in day. 2015 this is the worst peak smog reaches dangerous to health, economy, and education interrupted because of smog is to follow up on this problem.

  33. Name : Endah Wulandari
    NPM : 14040087 – 2014 C
    Title : The Effects Of Smog which Happened in West Sumatera

    The Effects Of Smog which Happened in West Sumatera

        A few months ago until now, there has been a smog pollution in my environment. as we know, it was happened by the human who has not responsible about the environment .In here I would like to explain about some effects from smog such as ; Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan ( ISPA ) and the weakness which happened for farmer and fisherman.

        First, because pollution so bad, and make respiratory system. it is caused and almost most of people in West Sumatera had contaminated an ISPA, which very apprehensive is the children, the pregnant mother, and elderly person also could be attacked by this accident. in this condition actually we must not to have an activity as more as like usually. It would be dangerous especially for children and the pregnant mother cause some of news from TV and Radio reported about the death incident caused by Smog, and some of the pregnant mothers also miss their embryo.

        Second, in this weather like this all the farmers through the lose out in their ultimate from their agricultural field and lose their harvesting, cause vegetables, fruit, and grains not grow as well in a bad weather. Although, the fisherman also did not sail to the ocean cause the smog was covered their visible to see the fish not just fish the fisherman also could not see the surface of the sea, that is the reason of the fisherman did not find money or can not sell the fish and it is one of the bad effect from smog. transportation also was disturbed by smog, the drivers could not see the other drivers in the street.

        In conclusion, the effects from smog had been effects that not has a benefit for the human and for who have a job as a farmer, fisherman, and other. But, not just the worker person that effected by the smog. the children, the pregnant mother also effected by this situation, this is the worst thing that should be stopped, and should be clearly. In this condition, the government should take the solve of this situation to how handle this condition, as the governments which have the important people to solve the condition and diminish the ISPA’s victims in Indonesia.

  34. NAME : FAUZIAH
    NPM : 14040098/C

    NEGATIVE IMPACT OF FOG SMOKE

    Forest fires due to human negligencein several major cities in Indonesia pose along term issue. Deliberate that burning of forests cause smog disaster that hit Indonesia. Thousands of cubic smog blanketed some big cities such as Jambi, Riau, Palembang, and some cities in Kalimantan. In fact, now the smog has crossed into neighboring countries such as Singapore and Malysia.

    Smog that filled the air was already past the normal thres holdeven make the air become shighly toxic. I think, the smog caused by forest fires more dangerous than cigarette smoke. This happens because the smog containing a hundred times karsionogenik hazardous substances.

    Substances -such as carbondioxide, and methanecan causevarious diseases deadly to humans. The smog disaster has caused great lossesin the public. I think there are three negative impact caused by the smog is the result of forest fires, which are damaging the environment, impair human health, and the economy weakens. Smog containing particles are smooth and easy toget carried away by the wind.

    The particles will be attached to trees and leaves, causing damage to fauna. In addition, the particles will also contaminate water sources such asrivers, lake sand wells so as unfit for human consumption. Smoke particles can fly as high as the clouds rain and settles in it. As a result, the particles will contaminate rain generated by clouds. In addition, the cloud that has been contaminated will cause acid rain which is very dangerous for the survival of living beings. In addition to producing fine particles, the smog particles were also produced.

    The particles will float in the air to be in haled by people. The karsionogenik substances cause various diseases, including eyeirritation, bronchitis and respiratory infection. Currently the hospitals in the area hit by the smog, especially Riau, filled by patients with ISPA (acutere spiratory disease insfeksi). The disease iscaused by viruses and bacteria carried by the smoke that is directly inhaled by people. As a result, patient sexperience difficulty in breathing can even bring them to the death.

    Finaly, impact caused by the smog are weakening economy. This is because the smoke particles result from land and forest fire sare not capable of blowing air blown by normal because it contains a substance which is quite heavy. As a result, the air space becovered so that the limit of people visibility. Currently viewing distance can be seen by people only reaching 5 meters. This interferes with the activity of the traffic by land, sea, and air, so that all matters relating to the economy to a stand still.

    In conclusion, the forest fires are human-induced causes the smog highly detrimental as damaging to the environment, endanger the health, on and off the pace of the economy. Therefore, there must be real action to stop this problem so that our country can be free from the scourge of this smog.

  35. NAME : OKTAMILANI
    NPM : 14040089/C
    TITLE OF ESSAY : Smoke Problems

    The Smog In Indonesia

    The smog in Indonesia make are people suffer. This is evidenced by the smog that blanketed the Indonesia sky.

    Sumatera and Kalimantan recent times, even in the period of 2014 can be said to be the island that “gloomy” disaster stricken by smog. so that during the year 2014 has caused many victims, both material and non material. Smog occurred in some areas as Sumatera Selatan (Palembang and surroundings), Riau (Pekanbaru and surroundings), Sumatera Barat (Padang and surroundings), Jambi (Jambi city and surroundings), and Sumatera Utara (Medan and surroundings).

    The worst smog occurred in Riau province (Pekanbaru) with conditions quite dangerous. Riau referred to “state of emergency” that needed serious treatment of all people, especially the government. Smog is now even paralyze activities such as schools, offices, airlines, universities in the region Palembang, Jambi, Medan, and Padang.

    Cause of fires in Indonesia has been widely studied by researchers around the world. all concluded that the activity of humans as the main cause of forest fires and land. Human activities related to land management still makes the fire as a tool that is cheap, easy, and quick to spend trees occupy land. As for the motive combustion really varied among regions. For examples. Land clearance for the sale and purchase of land, transfer of land to farm, land conflict societies and companies.

    Besides there are also rules that encourage land burning activity. In spite of it all, the haze was rampant everywhere and even some areas hardly any activity. As the questions, where our government? The government can not allow this. As happened handling of haze is somewhat slow, no special handling. The government is not as fast as the smog that plagued parts of the country.

    This smog cause illness. For example. ISPA (Acute respiratory infections). Many people are hard to breathe, as well as many babies who died. The smog can be overcome. First, the government should make policies that favor the public. Second, the government has the power to regulate the environment. For example. When Gus Dur became president, he had overcome the fire.

    Hopefully the smog this year 2015 last increase for us on portraits of poor environmental management. Hopefully next year we wake up and make improvements to protect citizens from the threat of disaster, death and the gloomy future due to damage to the environment.

    The smog has a negative impact on its own from the perpetrators.

  36. NAMA : APRILISA WINDA PUTRI
    NPM :14040101
    SESI :2014 C
    TITLE : SMOG HAZE POLLUTING THE ENVIRONMENT

    Smog from forest fires and land around Riau and Jambi already in a state of alarming and harm. Not only bad for the environment but also for health impact. So smog is also a serious threat to health. Smog is now a frightening figure for the community. Because cause acute respiratory infections (ISPA) and the most weight be Peneumia. In addition to respiratory infections, other effects namely, disorders of the eye and skin irritation due to the smoke of forest fires. Then indirectly the smoke of forest fires can pollute the air and environmental pollution.
    Smog could pollute the environment as plantations and farmland. In addition to air pollution can damage the health of children and adults. In addition we unusual activity outside house because it was blocked by smog. Many people indulge in house because visibility is only 100 meters away. The government issued a policy that schools in Riau in Insist. Because that has thick smoke.
    Presidential action should be quickly overcome the haze, but the president is not so concerned with the suffering of his people. Negative and positive impacts on health: the smog can cause irritation to the eyes, nose and throat, smog can worsen asthma and lung disease The positive impact that the remnants of forest fires could be fertilize crops such as oil palm and rubber crops.
    The conclusion is basically smog is a frightening figure to human health. Should people who are not responsible are punished justly that not repeat his actions in order to avoid another one like it in the future

  37. NAMA : MAHYU NUR JANNAH
    NPM :14040100
    SESI :2014 C
    TUGAS :WRITING 2

    SMOGE HAZE

    Forest fires in Riau land or already many discuss posted experts, that the cause of the fire in because posted act about human. Forest fires and land continues to repeat every year. Some areas are adjacent to Riau the thick immediately enveloped posted not just being environmental pollution but also starting cause health problems.
    Entering the month of September and October, concentrated immediately instead of diminishing, but increasingly fact. Smoke that such a label is not the first time and also not the last. Every drought and the sky is always decorated with findings as soon as possible fog forest land and forest fires
    Just as soon as the fog usually attact region riau only, but this time the fog immediately the label also attack provinces adjacent to riau. Fog immediately season initials indeed severe very. The new week bagaaikan dead city, wherever the eyes gazing will look white mist. schools in recent weeks also already closed. Air new week it is not healthy for a review of life. besides make we eye sore, also can cause chest tightness.
    Although the fog condition immediately already sign category emergency, but only sets the local governments are entitled emergency territory sign smoke. However, a number of provinces still define the area of the saster preparedness as quickly as possible, yet as soon as emergency response at the riau.
    In response to the problem as soon as possible fog husband should have done a lot of things Posted Indonesia and state-gatra Troubleshooting lie for a review of the forest fire. The fix is with human consciousness for review maintain land and forests as initials no event mentioned that repeated again onwards.

  38. Name : Artika Rahmah
    NPM : 14040104
    Class : 2014 C

    The smoke, a problem that inexhaustible discussed by the public, especially those who are victims of these problems. How not, every year there is always a burning forest (intentionally burned by unscrupulous irresponsible). They do not think of it first as a result of their behavior are long tails. Extremely detrimental to all, ranging from economic, and health.

    Reported of BBC- Indonesia news (09/17/2015) that the economic impacts of smoke disaster that occurred in several provinces in Indonesia in 2015 could exceed 20 trillion. It’s not a number that is not small for country that is still developing such as Indonesia. But more sad than the economic problem is a health problem. Many people, especially children who are innocent, who do not know anything about the smoke problem should be dying from inhaling dirty air every day.

    People know, would be dangerous this smoke for their health, but public awareness is lacking, evident from the number of people who leave the house without using a mask. At least, if the forest fire can not be extinguished, give awareness to people of the importance of wearing a mask if activity outside the home, so that their health is maintained. So, during the process of extinguishing the fire, the people remains safe and in good condition. In this case the role of government is necessary and very big influence. Where the government but we are supposed to be responsible for the welfare of the people ? Where our government should be responsible for the welfare of its people?

    President of this country is busy with a visit outside his country with no regard for the fate of its people. Serious problems like this should be handled quickly without postponement. Smoke problems should receive special attention from the government as soon as possible, before more victim. Save the innocent souls from death threats.

  39. The smoke, a problem that inexhaustible discussed by the public, especially those who are victims of these problems. How not, every year there is always a burning forest (intentionally burned by unscrupulous irresponsible). They do not think of it first as a result of their behavior are long tails. Extremely detrimental to all, ranging from economic, and health.

    Reported of BBC- Indonesia news (09/17/2015) that the economic impacts of smoke disaster that occurred in several provinces in Indonesia in 2015 could exceed 20 trillion. It’s not a number that is not small for country that is still developing such as Indonesia. But more sad than the economic problem is a health problem. Many people, especially children who are innocent, who do not know anything about the smoke problem should be dying from inhaling dirty air every day.

    People know, would be dangerous this smoke for their health, but public awareness is lacking, evident from the number of people who leave the house without using a mask. At least, if the forest fire can not be extinguished, give awareness to people of the importance of wearing a mask if activity outside the home, so that their health is maintained. So, during the process of extinguishing the fire, the people remains safe and in good condition. In this case the role of government is necessary and very big influence. Where the government but we are supposed to be responsible for the welfare of the people ? Where our government should be responsible for the welfare of its people?

    President of this country is busy with a visit outside his country with no regard for the fate of its people. Serious problems like this should be handled quickly without postponement. Smoke problems should receive special attention from the government as soon as possible, before more victim. Save the innocent souls from death threats.

  40. Name : Salbiah
    Npm: 14040082.C
    Title: Negative impacts of smoke

    Smoke result forest fire that attacks some regions of Sumatera and Kalimantan from day to day is worse. Smoke that fill air was through normal sill and even have made air on level that very poisonous. Some of provinces in Sumatera that is covered by smoke are, Jambi, Riau, and Palembang. In Kalimantan region that very serious is Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan. Smoke that is worse gives negative impacts in some of sector are, environment, health of human, and economic.
    First, environment damage. Smoke result of forest fire contains toxic particles that very small, until easy is brought by wind. Those particles adhere on trees or leafs, as a result demage of fauna. Other it, toxix particles from smoke also soil of spring, such as, rivers, lakes, and wells until spring can not be consumed by human. According to Indonesian Agency for Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics (BMKG), smoke’s particles that contain toxix can fly high reach cloud of rain and sattle inside that. If cloud of rain befall to earth can result out rain, that will be dangerous for all persistence of human life and other creatures.
    Then disturb health of human. Smoke not only contains particles that small, but contains medium particles too. Those particles are contain carsiogenic substance that free drift in the air until is inhaled by human. As a result many disease such as, eyes irritation, bronchitis, and uri(Upper Respiratory Tract Infection). Some of them, disease that most is suffered by sosiety is uri. Uri is caused by virus and bacterias that is brought by smoke until direct is inhaled by human. It can make sufferer hard to breath and event can result fatal is death.
    Last, weaken of economy. Smoke result of forest fire impact to loss of economy such as, flight and hotel. Result of smoke, many fligths that was cancelled. This is very inflict enterpreneurs, because they can not meet with their colleague for business or deliver goods via plane. For example, transaction 600 kg of shrimps of fisherman from Tanjung Barat valuable Rp. 800 billions per day loose . It can not deliver to Jakatra via plane, because of smoke. Besides, smoke also impact to decrease visitors of hotel. One of hotel in Jambi that level of visitors 60% per month, down become 30%. Financal loss hotel is Rp. 5 miliards per day.
    In conclusion, smoke result of forest fire is very inflict society from some of aspects such as, environment, health of human, and economics. That way, to prevent loss that more increase, hoped Indonesian goverment takes actions in handle this problem.

  41. Name :Rara Permata Sari
    NPM : 14040097
    Sesi : C/2014
    Smog danger to health
    the haze is not caused in the fuel from the forests in deliberately by people who are not responsible, so that the number of hotspots there, as happened in the province of Riau, Pekanbaru.
    Smog that does not go away, making air pollution is becoming increasingly polluted and create disturbance in the respiratory tract in humans, since smog is getting worse and if inhaled too much will cause diseases of the respiratory tract, namely ISPA and can be up to cause the death also .From on it is also recommended if out of the house everyone should wear a mask that is useful for anticipating inhalation of dust and smoke that would trigger the disease.
    The negative impact of smog: damage to the environment, human health interrupted her, weakening the economy.
    The positive impact of the smog: the burned land will make the plants are planted back into fertile.
    Solutions are done so that the haze could be eliminated:
    – The government is trying to create artificial rain with a solution of salt water and dried under the hot sun.
    -Governmental and community prayers in congregation istiqah that rains and smog will decrease and disappear.
    In my opinion :
    The way the government with artificial rain which may be less successful, but with prayer istiqah congregation made by all the people who succeed are able to make rain fall, but it was all too with the permission of God who sends rain, although the rain that fell not eliminate all smog already there, but at least its smog has begun to slow in fact reduced.
    In conclusion:
    Smog caused by forest in fuel some irresponsible people and pollute the air becomes polluted and makes diseases of the respiratory tract if it continues to breathe the smog, and can lead to death through. Instead of the obligation to wear a mask if it is outside the home and the solutions that have been done in the government so that the haze of her can be treated with a variety of any attempt has not been so successful, but with prayer istiqah more successful in reducing heavy rain, it was also the permission of God could have happened her. Although there were not yet able to dispel the haze of her quickly, but at least the rain, smog will decrease slowly and make the economy running normally again, and make people’s health began to improve again.

  42. NAME: NOVI ANISYAH
    NPM : 14040105
    SESI c/ 2014

    Negative Impact Haze

    Haze caused by forest fires as often happens in Indonesia especially those currently being hit Riau, Jambi, Palembang and the surrounding area can cause adverse effects and dangerous to health.
    The most severe impact of the effects of smog is an inflammatory disease of the lungs, known as wet lungs (pneumonia) may be present in your body. Well, if the pneumonia has entered into your body, then within that short time you will be affected by inflammation of the lining of the brain (meningitis), even in the worst case is respiratory failure.
    While the impact and dangers of smog that is most common is acute penfasan tract infection (ARI). In the records of Indonesian Forum for Environment (WALHI), already 13 people who died from upper respiratory infections (ARI) and two others died of obstructed visibility.
    some negative effects and dangers of smog on health, among others:
    * The smog can cause irritation to the eyes, nose, and throat, and cause allergic reactions, inflammation and possibly infection.
    * The smog can worsen asthma and other chronic lung diseases, such as chronic bronchitis, COPD and so on.
    * The ability of the lung to be reduced and the work causes a person to be tired and have trouble breathing.
    * For those who are older (elderly) and children or who have a chronic disease, with conditions that lower the immune system will be more prone to get health problems.
    * The ability to overcome infkesi lungs and respiratory tract is reduced, thus making it easier infection.
    * A variety of chronic diseases can also deteriorate.
    * Material pollutants on forest fire smoke can be a source of pollutants in the water supply and food are not protected.
    * Acute respiratory infection (ARI) so it is easier to happen, mainly because the immune system imbalance (host), the pattern of bacteria / viruses that cause disease (agent) as well as poor environment (environment).
    In addition to respiratory infections, other impacts namely, interference irritation to the eyes and skin due to direct contact with the smoke of forest fires. Ranging from itchy, watery eyes, inflammation, and infection was advancing. For those who already have asthma and other chronic lung diseases, because the smoke inhaled into the lungs.

  43. NAMA : RATIH WIDIANINGSIH
    NPM :11040024/14 C
    Writing II

    The Smoke in Indonesian 2015 now very dangerous and give people the influence that make different condition from better a\to bad condition although the center of smoke in Riau ,Palembang, and Kalimantan but Indonesia feel the impact of the smoke. Besides Indonesia ,Filipina, Thailand, Singapore, and Malaysia feeling the impact of the smoke it.
    The impact of smoke is:
    The first, air pollution, the impact of the smoke really danger from human especially for children and asthmatics, many people difficult to breathe and do activities as usually and make their live very disturb.
    The second, economic losses beside air pollution smoke give economic losses for human like trade and economic based on report BBC Indonesia, Hendy a seller Mpekmpek, special food Palembang who complain the reduces sales because smoke .and Purwo Hadi Subroto, a farmer in Riau, his production of food crops and vegetables on his farm decreased to40% because to the production process plants that on sunlight smoke despite the anticipation has been done. the smoke very bad for human.
    The third, death in this case, according to BNPB Sutopo Purwo Nugroho through an statement stated there were 10 deaths because smoke in Sumatera and Kalimantan, either directly or indirectly, the direct impact is the victims who died in the fire and burned while the indirect victims of the ill from the smoke or before already had a history pain and the presence of smoke make in serious condition said Sutopo, October 2015.
    In conclusion I think this case really big problem in Indonesian and I hope the government can give good solution for this case.

  44. Nila Karmila
    11040031
    Writing II
    Smoke of Indonesia
    The annual forest fires have arrived again in many parts of Kalimantan and Sumatra Island, where over 7.000 hotpots have spring up, producing choking smoke that has spilled over to neighboring Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Brunei. It started taking place in may and the number of hotspots in creased by the beginning of July 2006.according to government officials and environmentalists, forest fires in Indonesia are mostly caused by community people and companies, following slash and burn methods to clear land for plantations. Currently, the number of hotspots continues fluctuate.
    The forest fires are many concentrated in Sumatra (Riau, Jambi, and south Sumatra provinces) and Kalimantan (central, east and west) islands. According to the media, 6.800 hectares of land in Riau province and 10.000 hectares in Jambi province have been burnt.
    In Palangkaraya, south Kalimantan province, visibility in the city was 50 to 100 meters in the morning and only a little better in the afternoon. The visibility in Pontianak city, west Kalimantan province, is less than 100 meters and it disturbs city traffic. The picture to left shown haze resulting from land and forest fires in Pontianak.
    My conclusion In Indonesia Forest fires this year is believed to be a record as the worst in history. The cause is the phenomenon El Nino makes the weather conditions dray and long dray. Every year Indonesia was hit forest fires a smoke. But this year the air pollution caused by forest fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan make new record. US space agency NASA, be carefully season long warned will difficult to burned. Fire clutching two islands in the country that has the potential to be the most severe and longest following the El Nino phenomenon that makes the weather conditions become drier and inhibits rain.

  45. NAME:SUCI RAHMADINA PUTRI
    NPM : 14040072/14C
    Reduced haze,Jambi now flooded because of rain

    Smog is one symptom causes of air pollution that makes breathing becomes impaired,this is caused by the forest fires that are not extinguished,smoke more and more to make environmental conditions polluted.

    In my opinion is many people who are feeling the effect negative of the symptoms,it dangerous to health such as cough,shortness of breath flu and etc.However now after reduced haze,this is make many people happy,because they will can do activities is good and smooth.Unfortunately it was over and turned in this down rain the next few days, but the possitive effect is burnt land can fertilize crops that will be planted.

    For example that occurred in Jambi, The rain had flushed Edinburgh last week. It makes smog disappeared from the city. The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) Jambi estimate the peak of the rainy season in the region occurred in November. With the rain, the residents hope the haze really be lost. BMKG forecaster said hotspots Gumilang Jambi in Jambi nil since the past few days. “The rain is expected to begin pouring the next few days. Hotspots today observed nil. In the future, there is still potential, however small,” said Gumilang in Jambi, Sunday (08/11/2015).

    Visibility in the region Jambi Sultan Taha Syaifuddin also in good condition. Visibility reaches 10 kilometers. “For the mornings are generally still haze due to dew,” said Gumilang. BMKG via his official Twitter account to inform hotspots in western Indonesia at 16:00 pm, Sunday (11/08/2015) is much less than yesterday. Terra and Aqua satellites detect only 1 hotspots in Sumatra, 9 hotspots in Kalimantan, and 1 spots were detected in Java
    While fires in eastern Indonesia there are 14 pieces in Sulawesi, 29 in Nusa Tenggara, and 11 pieces in Papua-Maluku. This amount was reduced drastically from total hotspots on Saturday, November 7, 2015. Hotspotdi western Indonesia yesterday reached 50 points, while in the east 104 points.

    In concluding we must keep our environment so that this will not happen again,if dont we fell the effect,fire it become from by self not other people or be want from by god.The god only making all of them and we will control it.The train turned to back normal condition be good and understand to health important for we body.

  46. Name : NEFRI NANDI
    NPM : 14040092 – 2014 C
    Writing 2 : MID TEST
    Title : THE NEGATIVE EFFECT FROM SMOKE SPECIALLY IN INDONESIAN COUNTRY

    This latter is often in television reported increase smoke in particular in Sumatra and Kalimantan areas. The get worse with the advent of the drought that hit several regions in Indonesian because of the dry session. And than, the smoke can damage the health of all peoples whether in the well body or sick situation. The effect from smoke inflicts some area in Indonesia. Indonesia have disruption in another hand: the haze many cause local irritation, make Indonesian people difficulty for breathing, offend same activity in the some places in particular in Padang and Kalimantan, hampered some activities for study in the school in particular in Padang area.

    First, the haze many cause local irritation, because the smokes make the are people in Sumatra and Kalimantan have problems with breathing system, smoke contains danger particle can be the people difficulty for breathing. Beside, the smoke can make the oxygen will be loss in the sky especially in Sumatra and Kalimantan places. As well as cause allergic reaction because to long breathing in dirty air. For example, when the people in the Sumatra and Kalimantan areas, spend much time in our house, and than, the people will feel sick in the organ of breath in particular in your nose, threat, and your lung.

    Second, make Indonesian peoples difficulty for breathing, I think the smoke contain many danger, because the smoke will be attack the organ of breathing, next, many children in Sumatra was dead because the some actually the government must take the action for catch some agent make the forest in Sumatra and Kalimantan on fire. They are children from Indonesian not understand about it. After that, Why they are to be sacrifice from the mischievous hand.

    Third, offend some activity in the smoke area in particular Padang and Kalimantan, the big problems about smoke make activity in Padang and Kalimantan must be stopped, because smoke will experience raising the particles smoke in the sky. For example, smoke make the process study in the school must change study in the house, many children have problems in the breathing system, the smoke cause many children under age 3 year old in Padang and Kalimantan dead because the effect from smoke.

    Next, hampered same activity for study in the school especially in Padang place, haze smoke make the process of study in Padang must stopped because smoke more high level, the air and oxygen on the sky be derogate, the air in the sky can be poison. For example, some school in Padang in particular at Elementary School, Junior High School must study in the house. While they are student will be confront, final examination. Actually, we are people in Sumatra must research the narrator behind the all about smoke, it is the big duty from government for superintend about smoke.

    Over all, I hope the all government in Indonesian must hard work for make the are problems about smoke will be finished, because the smoke in hard level and the make air in the some places in Indonesian dirty and not healthy. Next, the smoke not only attack Indonesian country, moreover zap some country in our Indonesia like as Singapore, Malaysia, and the last I have big prospects the are problems about smoke will be finished.

  47. Name : IRVAN HAIKO RASAKI
    NPM : 14040080 – 2014 C
    Writing 2 : MID TEST
    Title : BAD EFFECT FROM SMOG

    Smog that is an acronym from “Smoke” and “Fog”. What is the different between Smoke and and Fog? In a word’s meaning they have a samemeaning. But,in the context actually have a different context. In the context of Smoke, it caused by burned something with fire. And in the context of Fog is an evaporation process in the particles floating in a round of air at the morning,but sometimes Fog also came in the night.
    This later is often reported increase in haze forest fires, especially in Sumatera and Kalimantan. Symptoms of the accidents get worse with the advent of drought which hit several regions in Indonesia because of the dry season.

    This is the most dangerous condition that considered by some scientists (VIVA.COM), in the healthy human life in Indonesia. First, some illness also could attack people cause this Smog not just an adult, children also be attacked by Smog. In some news on TV and Newspaper have reported a death caused a Smog in over inhaling, and some of the victims are children. Most of the accident from Smog could be the worst thing for human’s respiratory and articulation system and it also could be an irritation of the membranes in the nose, mouth and throat are directly in contact with the Smoke of forest fires or cancer if human inhaling it as much as possible in a long time. Second, similar disturbance may also happen in the eyes and skin. It could make an irritation in skin and eyes, such as itching and get watery eyes, cause the smoke was contact with eyes and skin in directly. Last, the impact of Smog could worsen asthma and other chronic lung diseases, like chronic bronchitis. And it also ability of the lungs and respiratory tract infections tackle reduced, there by making it easier infection.

    The smog also disturbed a transportation system on the track. such as a plane’s flight if the Smog more thick day by day it could make the flight be canceled, cause it disturbed the flight safety. And traffic jam on the street, if the Smog is thick the visibility could be lower for looking a traffic jam, most also Smog make an accident on the road when the Smog be thick day by day. Then, the fisherman could not do they daily work when the Smog be thicker. Much of the reason from the fisherman, they was afraid that the condition get worse whether they sail at night for finding a fish, cause many of them have been hit by ships or other big ships. The visibility was low which some of fisherman used torches to signal the big ships for not to hit the fisherman’s boat. But usually they can not see the fisherman’s torches as a signal. It will get worse if they are covered with haze. That is the events which the fisherman through in the area that Smog covered.

    In the education sector, much of the school in Sumatera and Kalimantan be stopped awhile. Caused the Smog is very dangerous for their health. And not just for education sector, the good relationship between Malaysia and Singapura also could be a problem that the government should solve this case about the Smog. And many more sector.

    Over all, the Smog has bad worst effect that could attack the human health, and disturbance the transportation process, and also in the important that could not be stopped. The central government is now preparing to solve this problem that worst hit the provinces including Riau, Jambi, West Sumatera, South Sumatera, and Central Kalimantan. I hope the government should solve the problem soon for the indonesian citizens.

  48. The Bad Impact Caused by Smoke

    As we know that Indonesia has many problems. One of that problems is smoke in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Fire is ranging across the 5,000km length of Indonesia. It is surely, on any objective assessment, more important than anything else taking place today. And it should not require a columnist, writing in the middle of a newspaper. It should be on everyone’s front page.in the three weeks the fires have released more CO2 than the annual emission of Germany.

    There is bad impact in any sides :
    First, in the health side. it surely makes Indonesian people health bad, especially the children or balita under 3 years. the illness that caused by this smoke are Ispa, Lungs cancer, and a caught.

    Second, in the social side. everyone in Sumatra and Kalimantan had to wear face mask everywhere they want to go. Even though they wanna go work, school, college, office and go outside they must put in on their face.

    Third, in the economy sector. The economy of Indonesia was destroying caused by this smoke. Indonesia get financial loss. for instance, in the Airport. Flight sector in Sumatra and Kalimantan loss much passenger who wants to flight everywhere. And also pangan sector. The farmers in Indonesia was loss his job because the plants died annd disturbed to grow up.

    Fourth, in the education side. The Indonesian education was confused. The government give commands to every school especially playgroup and elementary school in Sumatra and Kalimantan to leave the school for a while.

    And the last, the bad impact of environment. The fires are destroying treasures as precious and irreplaceable as the archaeological remains being levelled by Isis. Orangutans, clouded leopards, sun bears, gibbons, the Sumatran rhinoceros and Sumatran tiger, these are among the threatened species being driven from much of their range by the flames. But, there are thousands, perhaps millions, more.

    In conclusion, we have to aware we need the good environment. And also the government must take real action to fight this smoke. not only government also all people in Indonesian. Because this some had many bad impacts in Economy,social, education, and the last environment side.

  49. Name : Ayu Azhari
    Nim : 14040134

    Negative effect of smoke

    In Indonesia is coming the smoke problem that hampered some areas in Indonesia. Previosly Sumatra and Kalimantan. The smoke is happen because the burning of forest by careless by human.
    This smoke had brings many damages such as,make the environment bad, healthy of human and less the economic,because the activities of sociaty have to stop. The smoke has disease that can spread by wind. The dangerous of smoke is stain the water not good to consumption for human.
    The particles will fly on air and brings many diseases. For instance iritation of eye, bronchitis, reparation of lung. It caused by bacteri that came breath by human. Because of that people hard to breath while until getting die.
    In conclusion, the burning of forest is made by human and brings the smoke that make many disadvantages like for environment, healthy sociaty and less the economic.

  50. Name : Dian Wina Putri
    npm : 14040132
    Session : D
    Essay Title : The Danger Of Smoke Riau For Health

    Nowadays , we are affected by the smoke that occurs in almost all of the island of Sumatra. Smog is already a well-planned event or a disaster in every year. Smog occurs caused by human hands irresponsible. Who is to blame in this event? Should we be angry with the government were negligent in addressing this problem? We as ordinary citizens can only wait for help from the government. The government should be responsive in solving this problem because many victims in the event of smog such as children in the area riau been affected much ispa disease until someone dies. As a resident of intelligent we must address this issue wisely. Do not underestimate this problem, because of the smoke that occurs could endanger the health of our bodies. As for how we can do in the face of this problem is
      First by wearing a mask out of the house. That health is an asset that must be maintained, for it to avoid diseases that are outside of our homes have to wear a mask in activities outside the home, smoke might make us diseased ispa, air-water eyes, headaches and other ailments
      Secondly, with attention to the food we eat. When the weather is so bad that we have to pay attention to the intake of the nutrients we consume, with emphasis on foods containing vitamin C such as citrus fruits, pineapple and other fruits that contain lots of vitamin c
      Third, consume lots of water and sweetened condensed milk. White water serves refreshing the body, making the body more vitamin and fit. Sweetened condensed milk is useful to neutralize toxins in our body.
      In conclusions, can we do when a disaster of this smoke is by paying attention to the health of themselves and the surrounding environment. We must take care that our activities are not disrupted by the disaster that occurred in our country. Who to blame? People who burn the forest or the government that is not responsive in solving this problem? Of course we can do just to ask for help to the almighty to drop any rain so that the smog which this occurs can be lost.

  51. Name : Listia Ayuning Putri
    NIM : 14040106
    Bad Impact of Smoke in Riau and Kalimantan
    The smoke in Riau brings by burning the forest in there. The forests burned by ocnums which want to open the estate areas and they think that with burn the forest before rain season comess will make the land is fertile. But they did the wrong thing, because it gives many damages for society around that. They not think the negative effects from it. Not only Riau which feel the bad impact, but any areas near from Riau include Malaysia and Singapore.
    Then, below are the negative effects of burning the forests in Riau. First, many people had diseases of lung and resparation. It caused by the air that they breath is not good to consumption. Most of the victims are kids under five years old. Second, to less the bad effect of that, the government suggest to minim activities outdoor. For instance, dismiss the process on learning and another leagues. The last is economic, people who have income below the average is really feel the impact from the smoke, because they hampered to do their work in their daily activities. While to do normal activity, they must to wear a mask, and it makes they hard to do everything.
    In the other hand, another people blame the president, but it does not full of him. It is the mistakes by goverment in Riau, because it is careless in solve the problem. But they have reasons too to why to do. It cannot work byself only, it needs agreement by president. We do not have to blame each other, and it will better to solve it together without new problem between us.
    In conclusion, all of us surely hope no events like that anymore in the future. I personality wish our goverment give more attention of all disasters. This event is made by human, and the ocnums behind this must to be punished. In addition, we as an Indonesian, may not to blame full of goverment cause it is our mistake as a human. It will better if we talk less and do more.

  52. Name : Liza Hartina
    Npm : 14040107
    Session : D
    Essay Title: The Demage From Smoke Riau

      Out of the forest in Riau in do by people who are not responsible. Out of the forest done to open land. The burning of the forest it resulted in the smoke that made the community Riau complained. Even the smoke was spread to other areas like west Sumatra.
     
     As a result of the smoke thick annoys breathing, so residents of Riau and surrounding areas should use a mask if you want to get out of the house and run its activities. For some people who have to use the mask troubled because of unfamiliar, but if they did not wear their masks will be a breath of fresh air. Air is mixed with the smoke is not good for health.
     
     Even due to the smoke of burning forest that some lives have been floated. Like little kids and babies reportedly died of servere RESPIRATORY disease. Very unfortunate result of human behavior once the bad impact on many people and very detrimental to all. The goverment and the president is very slow in responding to the case, so that the very citizens complain.
     
     In the area of Riau and surronding suurounded by smoke, the proscess of teaching and leraning on holiday right by the government. Because if children should be out home to go to school then would not good for health. In response to this, the smoke we should pay attention to the environment and health. Like many consume drinking water, condensased milk, and many cunsume vitamin C.
      
    In conclusion, the smoke that spread in other areas in Riau and the result right by human hands are not responsible by burning forest. Resulted in some people died of RESPIRATORY and pain. Being right is very slow in responding to the government’s case, and a lot of people who complained. We must pay attention to the health and environment to maintain health.

  53. The Bad Impact Caused by Smoke

    As we know that Indonesia has many problems. One of that problems is smoke in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Fire is ranging across the 5,000km length of Indonesia. It is surely, on any objective assessment, more important than anything else taking place today. And it should not require a columnist, writing in the middle of a newspaper. It should be on everyone’s front page.in the three weeks the fires have released more CO2 than the annual emission of Germany.

    There is bad impact in any sides :
    First, in the health side. it surely makes Indonesian people health bad, especially the children or balita under 3 years.

    Second, in the social side. everyone in Sumatra and Kalimantan

    Third, in the economy sector. The economy of Indonesia was destroying caused by this smoke. Indonesia get financial loss. for instance, in the Airport. Flight sector in Sumatra and Kalimantan loss much passenger who wants to flight everywhere. And also pangan sector. The farmers in Indonesia was loss his job because the plants died.

    Fourth, in the education side. The Indonesian education was confused. The government give commands to every school especially playgroup and elementary school in Sumatra and Kalimantan to leave the school for a while.

    And the last, the bad impact of environment.

  54. NAME : SYAIYI DHATU DELAUNA ANUGRAH ILAHI
    NPM : 14040121

    AN EXTRAORDINARY CRIME : SMOKE
    As we know, smoke disaster happen in some parts of Indonesia. According to me, smoke disaster is an extraordinary haze crime. Smoke disaster in my opinion has violated the most fundamental human rights, that is the opportunity to live a healthy life. Impact of smoke makes millions people suffer every year. Head of Data Information and Public Relations BNPB, Sutopo Purwo said that there were 10 deaths because haze in Sumatera and Kalimantan.
    Data BNPB also reported that there were 503.874 victims of acute resoiratory infections (ARI) in 6 provinces since July 1 until October 23 2015. Most patients with ARI in the Jambi province with 129.229 and 101.333 in South Sumatra. South Kalimantan there are 97.430 people with respiratory infections, 80.263 patients in Riau, Central Kalimantan 52.142 and 43.477 in West Kalimantan.
    Not only ARI or respiratory infections, smoke also caused skin infections, eye infections, asthma, and pneumonia (data from the Health Department of Riau). The another effects are : ECONOMIC SECTOR, reduce domestic tourist visits and disrupt business activity. A number of airports are closed. We loss of Rp 7.3 trillion in a year. EDUCATION SECTOR : Government education office in Pekanbaru, Riau stop learning activities from kindergarten to high school were closed until 5 September 2015. ENVIRONMENT SECTOR : air quality in the area exposed to the smoke was so bad. On 3 September 2015, the index of air pollution standards in Riau reached 500-categorized as very dangerous for humans (data from Litbang Kompas).
    If we said that nothing effect on offenders burners forest or land, I do not agree. Most do not have a deterrent effect is the government. The people have given a mandate to the President until local goverment protect the people. But the mandate was not implemented. The government should learn from the incident that continued for 18 years. Local governments have an important role to manage the land, the capacity of central government must also be increased. Land for irresponsible business to be stopped.
    This disasters almost happen every year but there is no exact solution to prevent disasters happening again. One reason is the lack of sanctions given to rogue employers who burn their land. Severe sanctions should be given to such rogue employers permit termination or seizure of land. The country is a state of law and I hope everyone report every suspicious activity around the burning of forests and there are special institutions that handle public complaints about it.

  55. Name : sinta yulia
    Npm : 14040140
    The Impact of smoke

    Nowadays, anyone who does not know the news about disaster of smoke? With the technology that more sophisticated all the news media can access both national and international media. As we know Indonesia is a country that has very vast forest and lush with a variety of rare animals inside. Indonesia , especially for the island of Kalimantan has been the lungs of the world. What happen if the lungs of the world itself is damaged? As with humans, if the lungs have been affected by the disease then all parts of the body will feel it.
    The disaster of foggy not only perceived by society sumatera alone . but the foggy already spread to the country neighbours For instance : Malaysia, Singapore and the other ASEAN. The foggy also damage neighbours contry that. Therefore government of Singapore offer help, but Indonesian government turn it down. I do not know the reason why Indonesia refusing help from Singapore. Surely all the action of course there is intent and goal. We must also concerned with welfare of society. Until now, victims of smoke has been a lot of tumbling. Start from vulnerable children affected by smoke to the elderly become victims of smoke caused by the irresponsible. Is not Indonesia has been on forest destruction? What happened to our country? We live in country that ultimate sovereignty rests with the society. But at this moment, the society who became impingement greed of the greedy.
    Many kind of diseases that damage the respiratory tract continues to grow. For example : ISPA, asthma and minor ailments such us irritable. Step of government can not . Turn off the fire because of hotspot growing up. The government have been evacuated part of people who near with hotspots but that thing also giving negative impact. For instance : weak economy society,Like we now the Indonesian people dominant working outdoors. If they are evacuated , then there is no income to be obtained by the public. May be the helthy very expensive, whereas the government still not giving help in the form of money. Beside the students who sitting on kindergarten and elementary school in insist. It is one of appropriate government action but they who will follow the final exam will be difficult to catch up. Especially it is learning for grades six in elementary school.
    The disaster of smoke seems to be regular disaster gained each year by Indonesia. But in 2015, the foggy very long and caused drought everywhere, this has impact on the use of electricity . because the water used for hydropower palnts already limited. Then the electricity blackouts has done it again. This added unrest citizen, hot weather,the water is very low and dirty air. We are well aware that clean air is essential for life, and for the future, we should be able to reduce air pollution and preserving the environment.
    Beside, the hospital also providing free oxygen tube for a total of 12 people were hard to brethe properly. It is an act of volunteering, a small but significant. The government should immediately provide assistance and attention should not just monitor, but should immediately turn off the fire. How do we provide solutions, while the government has yet to take action against foggy is getting worse.
    In this case Indonesia is also getting a lot of losses from an economic standpoint. Plus rupiah weakened. Therefore we value every help from government. For instance : they did a bomb water in air and deploy all member of the army for turn off the fire and to have found agent who have not irresponsibility. In term of trackling the foggy , not only government that did it. We as a society are also required t participate for clean air that should be our right. We can do a little thing such us : we are together to make artificial rain to sow salt in front of the house so that evaporation occurs. When it rains , the dust particle in the air will be lost faster or later.
    In conclusion, the foggy have been disaster from year by year. This is the obligation of government to cope with future disasters this year. The next year in order to avoid things that can harm the community. I think The government must provide appropriate punishment with what has been done is not the person responsible for it. In order not to be popping up the next generation who put pleasure unilateral and not concerned with people’s welfare.

  56. NAMA : MELYSA WULANDARI
    NIM : 14040119

    The impact of smoke

    Recently in Indonesia, there is a disaster in Sumatera island and Kalimantan island. It can be happened caused by forest fire. Many people burn the forest just for their own benefits. They do not care about the impact of forest fire. Because of that many forests in Indonesia are depleted due to fire. And we got some effects of forest fire.
    First, the smoke covered the sky and make sunlight disappear. Usually in the morning we can see the sunrise. But since forest fire, we cannot see the sunlight. The smoke is very thick until sunlight cannot to pierce it. And when driving, we just have limited view. For instance : in Padang city, when morning came at 07.00 a.m, like usual We can see clouds and sunlight so clear, but because of forest fire it just foggy sky. Without sunlight and it looks like the rain will get down.
    Second, difficult to us to get oxygen because air pollution. The thick smoke made people difficult to breath. Smoke is very dangerous to our health because in the fumes we know that there are harmful particle to our lungs and body. For example, sulfur dioxide (SO2). SO2 pollutants considered harmful to health, especially for the elderly and patients affected by chronic diseases of the respiratory system kadiovaskular.
    Third, many people got disease and some of them are died. We know that smoke is dangerous to us. When people breath, we also know that we inhale the fumes. And it will risk we get lungs disease. ISPA and ashma are the impact of fumes. For example, in Palembang many people got ISPA and some of them died because they cannot stand it.
    Next, the daily activity is difficult to do. In Sumatera and Kalimantan people cannot do their daily activity because the smoke make people get disease, so many people many people choose to off work. And economic activity becomes difficult. Because many people in Sumatera and Kalimantan got sick and they cannot go to work. So, the income is derogate.
    And the last, many animals loss their home. Forest is the place where animals live. Forest fire is happened and burn their home. The animals also loss their food and water. Because of that, they choose to run away from that forest and go to society environment.
    In conclusion, forest fire is very bad for our life. We cannot burn the forest because we will get the impact of that. If you want to do that, you just do when you need. Many people will get the effect from that and government must do cooperation with society to avoid disaster of forest fire.

  57. NAME : AZLINA
    NPM : 14040129
    ESSAY TITLE : THE IMPACTS OF SMOG

    In a three months, the smog is getting worse. This happens in Sumatera exactly Jambi and Kalimantan. As we know, the cause of smog are burning the land to agricultural land to plant oil palm. The peatland burning is do on a large scale and take a long time. Compounded with the rain rarely or even never at all. This is what exacerbates smog spread to other provinces and even to our neighbor country Malaysia. There is some impact of the burning of land that makes smog is getting out of control.

    First, the impact of smog is the emergence of respiratory disease. Many of the children and elder who suffer the consequences of burning the peatlands. There are also victims who must be hospitalized due to already seriously in their respiratory infection. As a result of this all, anyone who wants to leave the house should wear a mask so as not to aggravate it. If there is not a very serious matter, the public are prompted to stay at home because of the smog is getting worse. It is certainly aggravating the situation makes people every day should to leave the house for work.

    Second, the interference of daily activities of the general public. Because the impact of smog is not good for public health, many of them discouraged to leave the house. In education, students were closed for long periods of time is not even specified. It is certainly disrupt the learning process at the school. This happened in a long time. Students are not school for more than a month and did not happen all at once but gradually. It is certainly difficult for students especially who will take a national exam.

    Third, crippling the economy. It is certainly a direct impact on the survival of the general public. Failure in the growth the plant could be the matter of the effects of smog. From the failure growth the plant experienced manufacturers. Expensive prices and a lot of people who buy household and store it for supplies. Difficult to distribution for many remote areas because of the difficulty of access and the price makes people are forced to buy. Sellers also failed because give a high price for the wares.

    Many consequences of smog that we are experiencing nowadays among many people get respiratory disease. There are from children to the elder. Did not do well the general community activities. And do not go well the general public economy. All this is partly due to the smog caused.

    Lastly, we hope that the smog is fleeting and we can do our daily activities. Many losses that we get from the burning the peatland and get a smog. Not only material we even lose valuable time that should be we use for something useful. The government is expected to be more responsive to the problems that occur in our beloved country.

  58. Nama : Daramaya Asria
    NPM : 14040133
    SESI : 14/ D
    TITLE : Cause of the smog

    Since several months ago, smog has been a popular news in Iindonesia, especially in Sumatera Barat. The smog which is caused by forest fires in Jambi and Sumatera Barat, It made quntity of air become bad in some district of Sumatera barat. In this section, I will give my opinion about the smog that is happened in this country, especially in Sumatera Barat.

    The first, the smog in this country is caused by forest fires in some district. Why is the damage of forest always did by irresponsible people until it is happened the forest fires ?. Because the humans have caracterisitc that is egois. They are never grateful with what they have. They never take a lesson from before accident. For example, the forest fires ever happened before it and also cause the smog but not long this period. And now, they do it again with impact that is long. After it is happened, they always make gevernment become wrong. Even though it is not government mistake, it is irresponsible people mistake, because the government has been issued a regulation about it, but they do not want to do it.

    My second opinion, if we see from side of religion, one of cause smog is, God gives our warning that what we do is wrong like forest fires. God gives us examine and see what are we aware or not from accidents that had been happened. Here, the degreeof our faithful is seen by god. In this condition, we must positive thingking with God, for example, with this smog, God wants human aware that the important thing which I need is the air. We need the air that is clean for our body in order we can respiration well. And also, God wants us to always grateful with whta I have and keep our earth, do not ever broke it. Because God had said that the humans are a leader in this earth.

    From all my opinion, we can see that the cause of smog is came from the humanself, it is seen from side of human wrong that had burned forest with irresponsibility and from side of religion. From this accident, we have to take a lesson to do not repeat the same mistake. And also, we have to thanks to God with what i get today.

  59. NAME : YULIA EKA PUTRI
    NPM : 14040124
    WRITING ASSIGMENT
    Title of Essay : Fenomena of Smoke in Indonesia

    Nowadays, Sumatra and Kalimantan island has a problem that until now can not finished optimally . the problem is smoke fenomena. Smoke fenomena has been a publik problem from under society to high society. This mater happend because forest burned continiouly.many people said, this fenomena happend because do delberately by compenies for importance industry.because forest burned can helped land fertility.consequenly, this hapend make a burned by global. But just be a disaster.

    Research said, the smoke to certain toxic essence likes: nytrogen monoxide and dioxide, sulfur, formaldhehide/ formaline, hidrocarbone, particle and oxigen. On the contrary he also said smoke to cause eyes iritation, nose iritation, and iritation throat, allergi reaction, and can make worse asthma, and lunk ilness likes: bronkitis, kronik, and ppok. Accordingly, society just at home and if out side must wear a masker.

    Writer feel many demage because this event such us, first: Ispa illness to pragnancy mother, children. Level danger was high level. Accordingly, happened died everyday result the smoke. Then, the smoke also economic demage. Because the smoke disturb activity society. Society only at home and not brave to out side because the smoke. For example: a farmer can not to riep the rice because plants can not fertile grow. Economic mater society be down arranged with existence dollar.indonesian ingcreasingly buried. And they are feel this event because president of indonesia”s mistakes.they are said, jokowi can not take a action seriously.

    Next, at October Jokowi was came to Jambi and look how conditiion environment and society in Jambi. Jokowi just give some asistance. Jambi society think, jokowi will overcome this fenomena. But all not like that emagine. Nothing chance after that. Happening just more and more owful.

    To conclude, smoke fenomena make demage and died, distrurb society activity and to reduce society economic. Writer and all indonesian hope, the smoke will to decline and losted. So that indonesian can respirate fresh air again without toxic. And goverment can take the seriuosly action.

  60. Name : Izel Sapitri
    NPM : 14040126D
    Title of Essay : Impact smoke In indonesia

    Many people inhibited in sumatra,every people had argue is different about loss of smoke in sumatra But, my opinion is smoke only have loss negative matter. Loss result of smoke in sumatra to implicate entere all aspect because smoke diffused in area at sumatra such us in padang city until at Pesisir Selatan. Many phenomenon that accour of smoke, on the onther hand cityzens were damaged.

    First, loss result of smoke is process education in sumatra. Schools in sumatra furloughed because smoke more and more thick. For illustration, several schools in Riau forsed furloughed for over a long time period. This metter will make students were left behind subject. While the students must to follow Mid-Term. Therefore result of Mid-Term will do not satisfyng. Wisdom about the preblem is instruct the students to learn by idenpendent when they school furloughed. Even though, basically almost students lazy to learn alone.

    Second, damage of smoke in sumatra is many cityzes that to suffer illness ISPA (infeksi Saluran Pernapasan), cough, influenza, eyes iritation, allergi reaxtion and iritation throat. Morever in Paadang city found one baby was pass away because suffer ISPA. This metter make cityzens difficult to activity because they were fearful affected sickness. This illness caused by the air that we to suck in done blended with smoke. Consequently, we lungs can be having trouble and we will to experience disturbance breathing. Solution the problem is the cityzens summoned to wear mask. Much drink purified water. To reduce activity to claim in out. Foundation why smoke is danger for healty are to inclu subtance poisonous likes : monoxide, dioxide, nitrogen and particle.

    Third, detriment of smoke is spooil economy of society. In Alahan panjang, many cityzens that to experience to fail harvest. They have loss about that, because to farm is works almost people at there. This metter also make price several vegetable become expensive such us cost turnip and carrot. Smoke olso to disturb activity the farmer in land.

    To conclude, smoke in sumatra do not have positive matter but negative metter. Nevertheless, all problem have solution, then we must to smart in this problem in order that, we d not a loss because smoke in sumatra.

  61. Name : Reka saputri
    Npm : 14040109
    Class : D
    Title : argue about the smoke problem in Indonesia

    Every disaster is bound to cause harm,there are many disasters that occurred in Indonesia.The disaster will have an impact for many people,as happened this year is a disaster smoke.smoke that occurred in Indonesia are caused by humans,they deliberately burned forests to private interests,they do not care about the adverse effects of the forest fires.Smoke causes a lot of harm,including harm some field work.

    The first,impact of smoke for farmers,farmers decreased production due to the smoke,smoke can demage crops development,because smoke plants do not get direct sunlight.And many new seedlings that die due to lack of oxygen to carry out photosynthesis.such as,cauliflower farmer,usually the cauliflowers pieces weighing up to 1kg but now weighs reduced because development is not good.

    Second,public transportation income decreased because students were closed,those with little income,they can not meet their daily expenses.The transportation drivers can only wait until the smoke will gone.And smoke disturbing journey,and also due to the smoke,ecosystems in the sea to be disturbed.Smoke can reduce the entry of sunlight for photosynthesis to coral reefs,and the explosion of phytoplankton as a result of soil erosion land nutrients entering the sea.Death of phytoplankton causing the lss of oxygen in the sea,soil erosion are also causing demage to the reef so that the adverse impact to the ecosystem in the sea.

    In conclusion,disaster smoke cause a lot of harm,not only detrimental to the country but also harmful to society,before acting we have to see what will happen next,do not let anything that we can do harm to others.

  62. Name : Anisa Putri
    NPM : 14040108
    SESI : 2014 D
    SUBJECT : MID TERM OF WRITING II

    Air pollution in Indonesia

    Air pollution in Indonesia because people Indonesia have habit to burn forest in the summer. It is to make a new garden or get a building. I do not think, it is not good idea. If we burn forests many people get impact as well in Sumatera and Kalimantan. Sumatera have 1.000 point of fire and in Kalimantan 3.722 point of fire that make fireman cannot overcome the problem. In Sumatra and Kalimantan for 6 month do not have sunlight and nice sky. Many impact about the smoke for burn forests.

    Such as, the thick smoke hamper traffic as well in this morning can be dark. It is not good to transportation in Sumatra and Kalimantan. On the other hand, driver must turn on lamp while they are driving. The thick smoke give effect increase victim of traffic accident and Airport was closed because, they are not seeing away in long range.

    Beside, the air was dangerous to people and standard pollution air assert smoke in Sumatra poisonous .The oxygen spent of lessening and increased carbon dioxide .that make problem about health like ISPA ,infection in throat and sore eyes. ISPA decease because, the air is not clean to circulation breathing. The oxygen spent of lessening can make infection in throat. And sore eyes are affecting the thick of smoke. The smoke is danger for children or baby. For is that people has use mask
    However, the smoke has impact for education. Many schools give holiday in Sumatra and Kalimantan because processes by education do not be effective and if students go to school their feel headache. Class rooms have not much light and make students hard to focus for study. Many teacher do not teaching because sick in their home and many teacher come late because they has be careful to driver or rider. Sumatra and Kalimantan get vacation so long. It is making harm students. Student has to study in home because not long school can midterm. Many parent of student worried of their child.

    Furthermore, the people Sumatra and Kalimantan hope government give help of smoke in Sumatra and Kalimantan. Many people have different think such as positive thinking and negative thinking. People has positive thinking, they are make pray together to meminta rain as well make a step to keep a health for smoke for example: a students in Riau university make a masker safe form a coconout shell. Also people feel disappointed about smoke they do demonstration as well they do bully government Indonesia in social media like instagram, facebook and twitter. In fact we know Indonesia government has tried to be best for instance president Joko widodo has visited the area affected by smoke. Indonesia government has made artificial rain to the area burning.

    In conclusion, Air pollution in Indonesia because people Indonesia have habit to burn forest in the summer. Many impact about the smoke for burn forests. The thick smoke hamper traffic as well in this morning can be dark, that make problem about health and the smoke has impact for education. It is give message to keep we health and be responsibility to environment. And the last we must found a suggestion for a solution.

  63. Name : Rori Eliza Risman
    Npm : 14040120 /D
    Writing : 2
    Theme : Argue about smoke problem that happens in Indonesia on 2015.

    Title : The Dangers and Impact of smoke on health

    If we say about disaster, certainly looming in our minds there are flood, tsunami, landslides, earthquakes etc. But the diseaser in Indonesia earth more precisely on the island Kalimantan and Sumatera island which is currently shrouded in smoke. In every disaster must have its cause, one of the factors that cause smoke disaster is forest fires. Hoping to burn the forest land would get better but in fact it even cause disasters and losses for crowd. Forests are the lungs, the world everyone dependent of the oxygen produced ,but now the source of life has been destroyed by fire that result in thick fog. There are dangers and impact of smoke on health.

    Firstly dangers of smoke on health. For example can cause irritation to the eyes. With symptoms are red eyes, sore, and watery. And the smoke can use respiratory tract disorders with symptoms are sneezing and increased sputum production. And last ISPA with symptoms nasal congestion, pulmonary feels clogged, cough and sore throat, often feel fatigue, the body feels pain.

    Secondly impact of the smoke on health. For example the smoke aggravates asthma, chronic lung such as chronic bronchitis, reduced lung workability, easily tired and having difficulty breathing, for those who are elderly and have chronic conditions that lace the immune system will be more frail to obtain health disorder, ISPA be more apt to occur mainly due to lack of balance of the immune system, the pattern of diseases-causing bacteria as well as its bad environment.

    All in all , the smoke is very bad impact and danger to health. It’s many diseases caused by smoke, and we can anticipated with eating vitamin, mineral water drink a lot , eat fruits , and drink milk that our immune system is not vulnerable to the disease and try not to forget to use a mask when outdoors.

  64. Name : Kasril Dinata
    Npm : 14040111
    Title agrument of smoke problems : Effect and cause haze in Riau

    A few weeks ago , forest fires in Riau occurred. and the effects of forest fires that make riau and surrounding area to experience air pollution. air pollution that lasted approximately two months, the effect of air pollution was very influential in the community ,particularly against children, Many children with impaired respiratory section , skin diseases and some even died .

    smog is not just around the Riau area , but almost enveloped the island of Sumatra and other islands, but now I am grateful that the rain has come down and start removing the smoke haze in Riau and its surroundings.

    Other countries were also helped blackout haze in Riau and its surroundings , such as medication, food and tools to extinguish the fire .

    I hope for the future, the government must deal with more serious about illegal acts such as the burning of forests and other. so that no one else who did the same or other illegal actions

    so the conclusion is that we must be aware of who we are and this natural care of each other, because of air pollution that trap is only natural, but it is one of the memorial and the Wrath of God.

  65. Name : Chica Cameia
    Npm : 14040127
    Theme : Natural Disasters
    Tittle : Argue about smoke problem happening in Sumatera and Kalimantan at 2015.
    Writing II

    Smoke problem happening in Sumatera and Kalimantan at 2015
    Indonesia is an archipelago, such as the islands of Sumatra and Java. The fires that occurred in Riau and Kalimantan is a big problem faced by Indonesia at this time . Every disaster that happens must have a cause, one reason is the wild forest fires by people who are not responsible . Without considering the adverse impacts that will result from these forest fires. Smoke that occur have a negative impact , especially for the community . Not only in Riau and Kalimantan , smoke is also bad for the other regions . Such as Padang city , Solok , and Bukittinggi. Impacts and losses in the event by smoke.

    First , the impact for Biology that living creatures are disappearing habitat and damaged . And can eliminate the local wildlife . Living creatures that live in the forests will become extinct , the survival of living beings will be disrupted . Not only that , living beings will die if it can not escape . If animals and plants that are rare in the forest , the habitat will become extinct. Not only that , the ozone layer would be depleted. Forests are peat forests in Riau is , the forest has a difficult ground for fertile peat . Forest fires result becomes dry and barren . Dry soil hard to planting , soil fertility decreases and difficult to cultivate . Reduced soil fertility , farmers will use excessive chemicals to fertilize the plants . If the chemicals used excessive.
    , this is not good for soil fertility . Ground vegetation will be reduced , and the organic nutrients will die.

    A second impact , socio-economic impacts . Public economic activities will be disrupted , this can occur because of a very thick smoke pollution . Thus inhibiting the community to conduct economic transactions . For example , it can be detrimental to the incomes of working in the private sector. And for local agencies also inhibit the activities of the local government in implementing regional development . Not only that , the transport process will be disrupted . Very thick smoke resulting in congestion , because the roads are impassable because obscured by smoke. Visibility very limited rider can result in accidents . Airport transport will be disrupted , air from outside the Riau area can not land at Sultan Syarif Kasim II Airport in Pekanbaru Riau .

    The third impact is the physical impact . Air outcome forest fires is much more dangerous than burning natural forests . Losses incurred from smoke pollution is impacting on the physical health of the community . Various diseases will comes across , such as respiratory infections, cancer , and skin diseases that endanger health .

    In conclusion, fires in Riau and Kalimantan cause various problems and bad for society . not only impact to biological , socio-economic impacts as well as the physical impacts will very big impact for the people of Riau , Kalimantan and the surrounding area

  66. NAME : SELVI NOFIRA
    NPM : 14040136 / D
    TITLE : SMOKE PROBLEMS IN SUMATERA AND KALIMANTAN

    First, smoke that happened in sumatera and kalimantan, that caused by forest fires. Forest fires happened brcause human negligence, sumatera and kalimantan also happened dry season. Smoke that happen in sumatera and kalimantan will create smoke that awful, smoke become source problem for human or people and other living beings. Smoke very dengerous for body and health, and other living.

    Second, smoke will very injure human, will impact negative for human and weaken economi human. This smoke more injure of the cigarette smoke, smoke that many this will inhalation by body, through the nostrils. This which make disease that can make someone die. Smoke also can affect water and food, smoke can sticking anywere, it which will make health human worsen.

    Third, i very fear with this smoke and state human as little child, baby, and parents, experince asthma result smoke. Result smoke school in sumatera and kalimantan many in leave, as elementory school, junior high school, senior high school. They many missed leasons because smoke in area. This all human negligence which not careful in their work.

    After that, smoke that happened quite powerful and make the sun was not visible by smoke. This all indeed human negligence but, we must more be careful in doing work because forest fire that happened make many loss for we. With this incident forest fires we must think more in loss something.

    Finally, forest fires this very detrimental to humans, but with this incident we must be more careful in doing something. And also make our health deteriorates, because too much smoke that is inhaled by the nose, and can not perform other activities. We must pay attention to our health early.

    Words count : 301

  67. NAME : OKTA PUTRI ARIANTIKA
    NIM : 14040128
    SESSION : 14 D
    TITLE :The Impact of Smoke Problem In Sumatera and Kalimantan at 2015

    Nowdays, the problem of smoke is being popular in our citizens in Sumatera and Kalimantan. The smoke makes activities of society be distrubed and appear an anxiety from the people who stay in Sumatera and Kalimantan. Certainly, it have some impacts of smoke problem.

    Firstly, The impact of smoke problem in Sumatera and Kalimantan are about Healthy. Smoke can damages our health, actually in respiration. When we take a breathe of bad air everyday. we can get a disease of respiration one of example is Ispa. The child and all people can get this disease slowly. Apparently, Mask that we use to prevant the smoke that we breathe, it is has not good function. Most of the people said, it just useless cause we can breathe the smoke from mask that has open side and real function of the mask to a doctor is working in the hospital. Actually,in surgery room.

    Secondly, The impact of smoke problem in Sumatera and Kalimantan are most of activities in the school has been cancelled. Start from elemantary until senior high school. Goverment decides this rule to all students in the area that catch of smoke. For instance, when the smoke is being increase, the goverment asked to department of education give inform to most of school that impossible to countinued process of study caused the smoke. in order to, not do process study just for a while.

    Thirdly, The next impact of smoke problem in Sumatera and Kalimantan are transportation be hampered. Distance of a look has limit caused the smoke. However, transportation will have problem too. for example, Plane. It is one of transportations that has problem caused the smoke. Plane will do flight if the air be enable and distance of a look not has problem. Because if the plane still do flight when bad weather, it is very dangerous to safety.

    In conclusion, The impact of smoke problem in Sumatera and Kalimantan have similarities, be related to impact of health, activities in the school is being cancelled and the transportation be hampered. This is a big problem that must be done soon. And societies ask to goverment in order to solve this problem.

  68. We all know smog is now very disturbing us in doing our daily activities because, if we do not wear a mask to go out than we will be impaired respiration.A half of people choose to wear masks because they do not want to be sick, and some people are too lazy to wear masks because they feel difficulty in breathing. Smog is very dangerous because it can cause children’s disease of the respiratory tract and also lead to death.

    For example, in Palembang is one of the areas hit by smog. smog in the region are too critical and out of the ordinary. This is due to the proximity of the area between Palembang and forest areas or land affected by fire so that the smoke haze from land or forest fires also Having had thinned due to rain, smog in the city of Palembang, Tuesday afternoon yesterday again thickened. Because visibility is only 100 meters vehicle lights must be turned on. The return of the haze is because there are burning peat land in the district. Now the number of patients with Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) in the hospital, Palembang returned increase. In televised throughout Tuesday had 5 patients come for treatment as a result of having trouble breathing, one of them 2-year-old boy.

    In addition, to the Palembang, smog also re-wrap Muaro Jambi as long Tuesday, November 3rd round yesterday. The whole place covered in smog to disrupt the activities of people. Air Pollution Standard Index (ISPU) also started creeping up from number 60 to 100.appear this smog is due to no new fires in the area Kumpeh, Muaro which until now has not been extinguished.

    On the other hand, the government give health services and distribute masks. But aid is not enough for the meantime, a better fate still felt by residents of Riau. After 3 months of inhale the smoke, they could feel again the air is clean and free of smoke. heavy rain this city managed to dislodge the thick haze until ISPU back to small level.the thick smoke still enveloped most parts of Borneo and Sumatera.in last two months, at least five people have died because the smoke.

    Air Pollution Standard Index ISPU in Borneo and Sumatera as a result of smoke now is very severe, especially in Palangkaraya and Riau.Sejauh is indeed the Indonesian government has closed the public activity – including the school and public services. For example the elemtry school until junior high school is been atop by government.

    In conclusion, the smog disaster that occurred Sumatra and Kalimantan government is negligent in providing assistance to people whose territory is affected by smog, and the government should provide assistance to the victims who develop respiratory diseases.

  69. NAME: MUHAMMAD RAFIKI
    NPM:12040106
    WRITING II MID

    SMOKE PROBLEM
    Smoke problem is one problem has been exist in Indonesian country. Many factors have can make smoke problem in Indonesian burned forest land by the people. For the example: Jambi, Riau, Palembang and Kalimantan. Even thought smoke problem has do in Singapore and Malaysia. Based on my opinion any three negative effects from the smoke problem in Indonesian.

    First,can damage the environtment. Like; water, and air who the people using in daily day. Based by the BMKG explanation said” that smoke particles can fly as high as the clouds rainand settles in it, consequently the particle will contaminate produce rain in the cloud and are very harmful to human health”. If the air is always consume by the people is not good and less oxygen is very dangerous for the people healthy.

    Second, negative effects by the smoke problem is bad for people health. If the people consume the air have not stability it can make the people sick. Especially for respiratory tract, according to an environmental expert also said “that the haze caused by forest fires more dangerous than cigarette smoke”. If the body has a lot of smoke inhalation is it will be a lot of other diseases that come to obviously very disturbing humans and human health.

    The last, for economic system with the smoke problem it can make all economic aspects are less. For the example: by the transportation access to export and import between region. If we see by the agriculture sectors it can make weakening production figures, for example: poultry, production of rice, etc. this condition if the government is not doing real action or to find solution from the problem it can make negative effects for the economic field in Indonesian. So, based my opinion smoke problem exist because burned some forest in Indonesian it have some effects or impacts for SDA,SDM, and economy system. I hope to the all people in Indonesian country should raise awareness of the importance of maintaining of the forest, because the forest is the heart of the world.

  70. SMOKE PROBLEM
    Smoke problem is one problem has been exist in Indonesian country. Many factors have can make smoke problem in Indonesian burned forest land by the people. For the example: Jambi, Riau, Palembang and Kalimantan. Even thought smoke problem has do in Singapore and Malaysia. Based on my opinion any three negative effects from the smoke problem in Indonesian.

    First,can damage the environtment. Like; water, and air who the people using in daily day. Based by the BMKG explanation said” that smoke particles can fly as high as the clouds rainand settles in it, consequently the particle will contaminate produce rain in the cloud and are very harmful to human health”. If the air is always consume by the people is not good and less oxygen is very dangerous for the people healthy.

    Second, negative effects by the smoke problem is bad for people health. If the people consume the air have not stability it can make the people sick. Especially for respiratory tract, according to an environmental expert also said “that the haze caused by forest fires more dangerous than cigarette smoke”. If the body has a lot of smoke inhalation is it will be a lot of other diseases that come kapada obviously very disturbing humans and human health.

    The last, for economic system with the smoke problem it can make all economic aspects are less. For the example: by the transportation access to export and import between region. If we see by the agriculture sectors it can make weakening production figures, for example: poultry, production of rice, etc. this condition if the government is not doing real action or to find solution from the problem it can make negative effects for the economic field in Indonesian. So, based my opinion smoke problem exist because burned some forest in Indonesian it have some effects or impacts for SDA,SDM, and economy system. I hope to the all people in Indonesian country should raise awareness of the importance of maintaining of the forest, because the forest is the heart of the world.

    .

  71. writing II
    Name/NPM : Aidil Suci Lukiah/ 14040131

    Impact of smoke
    Wake up in the morning, a sunrise are bright and clear can feel wind gust with condensed vapor that something make people happiness. Besides that, a fresh wind is important to get some of the spirits for others people to doing activities. Many activities are prepered went to champ for student, prepered net , fhising rod and bot for fisherman and gave a pet some foods for whos loving a pet. And than, many of beneffits activities we start in the morning , right.
    Howewer, today the 22th october, the wind feel closed. Smoke everywhere and too soupy. In newspaper post of Pos Metro Padang said that “ the visibility only 1200 M on The Airport Iinternasional Minangkabau , it is more short compered yesterday” Analysts of weather BMKG Kataping Neli Enira when konfirmation from Padang. The smoke come from fireland that still happen in Sumatra Selatan and Jambi. Cause of blowing until Sumatra.
    Smoke disaster has a lot of disadvantages to people. There are : Cough , Laryngitis , Ispa ect. Ispa ilness too dengerously to people because ispa ilnees make a human die. Ispa ilness caused by virus that result respiratory tract infaction in sinus, red lane and lungs. Because, that sun can not disabling virus and bacteria excellently cause the sun reclusive of smoke. In that situation most of elementery school and junior high school get vacation.
    After that, everyone should using a masker to keeping ourbody from virus and bacteria. Smoke disasrer has a lot of disadvantages but, in the others hand has a lucky to seller. Because in that situation everyone need masker. A seller can sees an opportunity to get more fortune from selling masker. In addition, many people disapointed to government that they careless about it. Mostly of people posting in social media about smoke disaster.
    In conclusion, keep the environment was very important to totality person. Disarter come can not stop but, can to restrain together. However, we can get wisdom overall and get lesson that be able finishing from all event.

  72. NAME :Indah Lestari
    NPM :14040116
    SESI :14 D

    Bad effect of smoke to health,education and flight

    Smoke problem happening in sumatera island and kalimantan island been to dangerous level.The content of carbodioksida in air very hight and very bad for health.And the eye shot so limit because the thick of smoke in air.This disaster is very seriously and dangerous because the air in Sumatera and Kalimantan island is bad for health,education,and flight.
    First,smoke cause bad effect for health,in fact many people came of ISPA because the air very dirty because smoke.ISPA is disease of happen to the part of respiration especially of lung.This fact can we know from many

    complaint from people and they said often fell asphyxia and cough.Morever there are many was dead cause this problem and the be of victims are children and advantage of years because the their immune low.And there are many inpatient in hospital because get ISPA in serious.In case happen because their lung dirty with smoke,this case can to see in x-ray to some person be victim have their lung found of smoke.If the smoke more serious sure the victim will be worsen.

    Secondly,the smoke has bad effect for education.Now many school vacation in Riau and surrounding.The education procces will dificcult to do becase the education will not focus and less effective.If the education proces decided to do sure will dangerous for students.However the parents of students will not give permit to their child to come to school with this condition like this.Then theRiau goverment have been decided that education proces in Riau got vocation still not set time.Sure,this problem will distrub academic calender have been making before.However the students will remainded of study if they do not study in their house.In addition the semester exam will to do,sure the students hope more diligent to self studying

    Thirdly,besides has bad effect for healt and proces education,the smoke has influential for flight.The airplane can to fly if the weatherclear.This time many airplane delay because the smoke very thick in the air.Morever many airplane move to other airport because the airport in Riau can not to using.This measure in choose because the eye shot just 5-10 m,if the airplane decided to fly sure will endanger for passenger.Sure this problem will make flight company get big financial loss and the pessenger will complaint and fell disappointed.

    All in all the smoke has many bad effect like as health,proces education and flight.In addition smoke very dangerous and will come disadvantage.W should more respect and keep our world not broke it,because we need the fresh air to proces respiration,and we not can to life without the fresh air.However Indonesia well-know as lung of world because indonesia have vast forest.

  73. Name : Novia Sukri
    Npm: 14040122
    Sesi : 14 D
    Subject : writing II

    Dangerous of smoke

    first according me smoke is something that very dangerous for many people. The smoke can cause the death for people. Lilke what happen in Indonesia. Because of people dereluction in Indonesia that do illegal logging.
    Secondly some of country in Indonesia there are smoke such as Kalimantan and Sumatera Island. The problem smoke happen this country very thick until make many people sick and death because smoke. For example children in Riau stop to school for they safety and they must to use mask and everybody too.
    Thirdly , dereluction people do ilegal logging the cause problem smoke the very long time. Day to day the problem smoke in Indonesia very thick because is not rain. The cause is not rain because the thick smoke until closed sun light and disturb rain sirculation process the water sea by sun.
    Then the less respons by goverment about smoke, cause the people the get effect of smoke feel dissapointed and angry. To show they dissapointed , they do demonstration and satire to goverment.
    All in all the problem smoke that happen in Indonesia must to get finish by goverment and everybody. Because if just goverment to endeavor without help other people this problem is smoke not finish. In order that problem smoke not happen the people must save and perpetuate the forest in Indonesia.

  74. Nama : Salmi Wahyuli sri Devi
    NPM : 14040118 (2014/D)
    Title : smoke problem happening in sumatera and kalimantan

    Smoke problem happening in Sumatera and Kalimantan already happened in many cities. Even until Malaysia, Singapura., and nowadays already till in the Philippines. Where is our president that only can visit sacrifice but he can not show up his wisdom like a real leader. We know that smoke not yet to the “NATIONAL PALACE”. Maybe our president also not get an “ISPA” because he is in the JAKARTA not SUMATERA. We doubt about our country, only smoke from years to years always like that. We know not our president that burning a forest, not our president that to do other people to burning a forest. But should the government especially President must show to us a “DEATH PUNISHMENT” for they that burning land in this Sumatera to importance themselves. At least give a Die Punishment for they that burning our forest. It can also decrease smoke fog that happen in the Sumatera and Kalimantan. If we give Death Punishment to the people that burning a forest it not yet comparable with amount sacrifice that die cause ISPA.

  75. Name : Fitri Wulandari
    Npm : 14040117 / D
    Midterm : Writing ii
    Title : The Negative effects of the smog

    Indonesia recently being faced by the smoke haze that blanketed several big cities in Indonesia. Forest fires due to human negligence have led to the problem that long. As a result of this deliberate forest fires caused haze in Indonesia. Thousands smog has now blanketed some big cities such as Jambi, Riau, Palembang, and most of the city on the island of Borneo. In fact, now the haze has crossed into neighboring countries such as Malaysia and Singapore.

    Smog that filled the air was already past the normal threshold even make the air becomes highly toxic. Because of the haze caused by forest fires more be deadly than cigarette smoke or other fumes. It happened because smog contains a hundred times more harmful substances than other substances in the smoke. Substances that include carbon dioxide and many other substances that can cause various diseases deadly to humans.
    Smog disaster has caused the loss very, very terrible in the community. At least three negative impacts caused by smog is the result of forest fires, which are damaging the environment, harm the health of humans, and weaken the economy. Smog particles contain very delicate and easily carried by the wind. The particles will stick to the trees and leaves, causing damage to fauna. In addition, the particles will also contaminate water sources such as rivers, lakes, and wells. So unfit for consumption by humans.

    In addition to producing particles are very fine, the smog also produce particles of medium size. The particles will hover in the air thus inhaled by humans. Hazardous substances will cause various diseases, including eye irritation, bronchitis, and ISPA (infeksi saluran pernafasan akut). Currently hospitals in areas hit by smog, especially Riau, filled by patients ISPA. The disease is caused by viruses and bacteria carried by the smoke that is directly inhaled by humans. As a result, patients experience difficulty in breathing can even bring them to death.

    The last impact caused this smog is the weakening economy. This is because the smoke particles result from land and forest fires are not capable of blowing air blown by normal because it contains a substance which is quite heavy. As a result, the air space be covered so that the limit of human visibility. Currently viewing distance can be seen by humans only reaching 5 meters. This interferes with the activity of traffic by land, sea or air. So that all matters relating to the economy to a standstill.

    Based on the translation-translation of the above, it can be concluded that forest fires induced by human hands is causing smog that is very detrimental as damaging to the environment, endanger the health, on and off the pace of the economy. Therefore, there must be real action to stop this problem so that our country can be free from this smog.

  76.   NAMA : FAUZIAH
      NPM : 14040110 / 14D
      
      Recently, people’s attention directed to smoke problem that happened in Sumatera and Kalimantan. Now, smoke has covered some of big city in Sumatera such as Jambi, Riau, Padang, Palembang and almost half of Kalimantan. Moreover, smoke also covering Malaysia and Singapore. The smoke happens cause the fire of land and forest that has entered emergency’s category. Smoke problem also disturbing people’s daily activity.
      
      The smoke problem that happens it is reached the limit of danger and poison. According to Teuku Ariful Amri, a Environment Expert from Riau University said that the smoke that cause of fire from forest more dangerous than smoke of cigarette. The fire of forest cause many bad impacts. For example, first in health aspect cause 25,6 million people in Sumatera and Kalimantan exposure of smoke and 6762 people suffered ISPA. ISPA cause of virus and bacteria that get carried away by the smoke directly inhale by human. As a result, the patient of ISPA will difficult to breathing, even can cause death.
      
      Second aspect is can disturb the pace of economy. It cause decreased the tourist visited because the airport was closed. Also burn 554,3 hektare forest in Riau and 350 hektare forest in West Kalimantan. According to Leader of BNPB, Willem Rampangilei said that financial loss of the smoke reach until 2,6 billion in Riau. The next impact is in education. The Government of Pekanbaru Riau give pastime for many school because of the thick smoke.
      
      According to Chief of Police, Badrodin Haiti, the police has officially set 10 company and 167 inhabitants as accused of the fire forest. Therefore, the government has to contend this problem quickly for decrease many victims and loss. In an attempt to contend this problem, the government use artificial rain to extinguish the fire of forest. The government also gives a help for victims of the smoke extending the donation.
      
      According to the explaination above, we can conclude that the fire of land and forest can cause the smoke problem. The smoke gives many bad impacts. For instance, contaminate the environment, danger the health and off the pace of economy. Therefore, there must be something real to stop this problem so that our country can be free from this smoke problem.

  77. MID TERM OF WRITING II
    Name : Efri Maiyuni
    Npm : 14040138
    Session 2014 D

    What can you argue about smoke problem happening in Sumatra and Kalimantan at 2015 ?

    Sumatra and Kalimantan is a province wide and alot of people who lived there. Sumatra and Kalimantan have many natural resources are becoming a tourist center by tourists and other people. Because Sumatra and Kalimantan is a beautiful city. But, at 2015 Sumatra and Kalimantan override disaster and events that endanger life and claimed the lives of many people. The disaster and event is smoked long time and quite thick and dangerous to our health. The smoke it happen because the actions of people who are not responsible. Besides, many effects of the smoke that is cough, hard to breath and dry skin.

    The firstly, in Sumatra and Kalimantan is going to bad weather caused by the smoke long time. For example, in the city where i lived now (Padang) the smoke is very thick and that make our disease. Example of diseases that come as a result of the smoke that is : ISPA, hard to breath, cough and other diseases. Because of the smoke, schools were closed for while time until the weather improves again. However, i see the government do not pay attantion to the society. Many people died because the smoke long time and many childrens a lot of disease. Because the smoke long time many people who lose. For example to farmer, they plant will be die if the smoke does not dissapear.

    The secondly, Sumatra and Kalimantan look like to smoke city. Even everyday we do not breathe in the fresh air again. After that, we look like to breathe air that is to our body. Every morning, usually we breathe in the fresh air and make our body fell fresh. But now when i wake up, the air in the body is not healthy air, because this smoke many people was died and many people was sick and many activities be delayed.

    The thirdly, in Sumatra and Kalimantan it happen smoke long time. That is a trials of God. But it caused by the people who are not responsible which had burned forest without to thinking of the effect will happened after that. Such people should be sanctioned. Besides, why the government only silent to look condition in Sumatra and Kalimantan ? our health is seriously threatened because of thick smoke. The sun was covered by the thick smoke. The people who burn the forest should be aware and do not burn the forest again.

    All in all, many victims of smoke are happening in Sumatra and Kalimantan. That cause many people died, many people a lot of disease and many activities be delayed. Even schools were closed for while time until the weather improves again. Moreover, we as a society in Sumatra and Kalimantan be more carefully to do something, hopefully the smoke is quickly lost and we are all breathe the fresh air again.

  78. Name : Novi Yolanda Chania
    NIM : 12040126
    Title Of Essay: Losses Caused By Smoke

    Smoke is very harmful to human health. As a result of smoke inhalation can cause dangerous diseases that can be death. As was the case in the city of Jambi combustion, combustion of massive land causing toxic heavy smoke blanketing cities in the surrounding area of Jambi and Kalimantan . effect of combustion , thousands of hectares of forest and degraded lands. Animals that inhabit the area burnt was also threatened with death. This combustion occurs because people are not care , people are selfish without realizing the consequences and the impact that will be felt by others even himself later. Do not think about how much the losses will be borne by the public and the government to overcome the fire. This is very different from the forest fires in Borneo, which is Borneo has a lot of hot spots. So that forest fires by itself. Drought resulted in a long and hard to get clean water and fresh air.
    The smoke is very detrimental to the emergence of many people. The loss from the environmental damage, inhibition of economic activity, to the disruption of the health of citizens. Citizens become weak economy and paralyze the activities of the residents affected by the smoke. So schools in areas affected by the smoke is forced closed several days, fearing for the health of the students. I as one of the people who feel the smoke resulting from the burning of the land is very sick and tired, having to breathe air that is mixed with toxic fumes during a month which is very dangerous. So I had been ill for a week due to the smoke. especially with people who are very close to the source of the smoke that visibility is only 5 meters, which not do anything with such conditions. The saddest result of the smoke has been claimed, especially toddlers and children innocent died from respiratory problems due to the thick haze caused by the fault of people who are not responsible.
    The victims of smoke to protect themselves by using a mask that is not fit for use to ward off the smoke to survive and do not suffer from respiratory diseases. My hope to the people who caused this disaster happen please do not make us victims simply for your enjoyment and for all protect our environment from people who are not liable to be detrimental to us in all sides which will make us miserable accept the consequences.

  79. Name : Restu Sandra Sundami
    NPM : 14040114/ D session
    Title : The Disadvantage of The Smoking Disaster

    Goverment should fast responsive to ward of smoking disaster in this contry. As we know that smoking disaster happen every years in our country , and at this year the smoking disaster happen since June untill October in Sumatera and Kalimantan island. The region of disaster in Sumatera island are Pekanbaru, Jambi, and Palembang, whereas in Kalimantan Island are kalimantan barat dan kalimantan tengah. There are many the disadvantage that we got cause the smoking disaster.

    First, this disaster makes distrubt the humans healt even cause death. The particles of the smoke contains substances that damage the health of the body and cause diseases including irritation to the eyes, nose, and throat and acute respiratory infections (ARI or ISPA in bahasa). The disease is easy to attack the children and the older and this deases can cause death victim .One of the victims who died was a 12-year-old with named Muliya, Muliya died on October 1 after being treated in hospitals Puri Husada Tembilahan , Indragiri Hilir. When rushed to the hospital, the victim experience shortness of breath, convulsions, and vomiting.

    Second, the smoking make our country financial loss. In fact in this year, as a result of the smoking disaster and loss as much as approximately 20 trillion because of a lot of forest burning and also to provide assistance to victims. this disaster also disturbed some neighboring countries like Malaysia and Singapore, of course it also has a bad effect to relation our country with that country’s. For example, the paralyzed activities of airport in various areas including overseas because thick haze.

    Third, the disadvantage of smoking disaster is distrubt human daily activities. For example many schools in Smoking disaster areas were closed to several weeks. When they back to schools, they will hard study to pursue the remainder subjeck. It will make student dificult to understand their subject.

    In conclusion, The smoking disaster is very dangerous and also very detrimental from various aspects. Among the health aspect, the country’s economy and also aspects of animals and plants habitation. Therefore government should be more responsive to confront of this disaster and give a big punishments for the agent of burning the forest.

  80. Name: Vebi Yuliska
    Nim: 14040125/14D
    Tittle: Islands Above the Cloud

    Talking about disaster, smog is one of the latest disaster to hit on a national scale in Indonesia. Smoke disaster that struck the island of Sumatra and Kalimantan causes much harms. Smog that filled the air was already past the normal threshold even make the air becomes highly toxic.The smoke caused by forest fires in large quantities by firms. Smog causing many adverse effects. Such as, in environmental issues, human health, and limit the visibility of human. In fact, now the smog has crossed into neighboring countries such as Singapore and Malaysia.

    First of all, in environmental issues, the smog will contaminate water sources such as rivers, lakes and wells so as unfit for human consumption. And so on, chemical constituents of smoke will stick to the fruits and vegetables in the areas, making them less hygienic. Birds and other wildlife that inhabit the areas affected by the smog could become extinct if no attempt is made to eliminate the smog. In the other hand, if this situation lasts longer it will substract food ingredients that are proper to consume, even damage the ecosystem.

    Second of all, another problem arising from this smog is the disturbance of human health. Caused by breathing polluted air due to the smog, many people suffering from respiratory problems and eye irritation. For example, for example, when the field worker such as a reporter, journalist even a street sweeper would continue their duties even though the weather was not good. in addition, babies and small children who supposed to breathe clean air, end up being breathe air polluted smog that endangers the health, caused by irresponsible group of people.

    Third of all, The smog limit the visibility of human. This interferes with the activity of traffic by land, sea, and air, and this could lead to economic instability. For example, low visibility can certainly cause a variety of traffic accidents. Moreover, many airports were closed due to the weather so bad. And money that should be used to buy foods and educational purposes, run out to buy a mask for health. Even the money used for the treatment of various diseases of the throat such as respiratory tract infections. Smog is bad for the economy.

    In summary, resolution and prevention measures should be done to stop this problem such as forming forestry guards and harsh penalties for those who burn forests so that our country can be free from the scourge of this smog, and that similar events do not occur for the umpteenth time. in order to stop the various issues that have been raised as in environmental issues, human health, and limit the visibility of human.

  81. MAYANG TIARA
    12040135/D

    SMOKE PROBLEMS IN SUMATERA AND KALIMANTAN

    Smoke disasters that occur very harmful to society. It has been several months has been a disaster occurs very thick smoke enveloped the Sumatran province. Unfinished haze in Sumatra a few weeks ago Kalimantan also experienced the same thing, it would be very detrimental to the people especially those living in the surrounding area for example, only in terms of health, employment, education and daily activities became very disturbed. Not only detrimental but this issue makes people no longer trust the government.
    first thing that is very detrimental to the health of society is, this smoke causes disease, especially in Riau society 75% in children under age ISPA disease .This is certainly the toughest problems in a natural community, especially a mother. Even some of them died from the disease. This is very sad. for example, just when I was watching the news on television is not a few parents who have lost children due to illnesses “ISPA”, their burden is increasing due to the haze problem cannot be resolved.
    The second to education. Since the level of smoke becomes very dangerous every school in Sumatra in Insist. This is very detrimental to children who want to go to school, because the school is very important for their future. School holidays to make them miss class. As time continues to run so that they lagged behind other regions. Many children were very sad because they cannot go to school as usually, some of them were expressing frustration with the government. Such as through social media they create an article that aims to the president. “If our school we will die if we do not our schools stupid”.
    The third is about work. Due to the economy is very low haze, it is because the workers cannot work as usual. Like a fisherman of course they cannot work apart from the smoke so thick that can interfere with breathing, but smoke also restrict visibility. It is making them unable to work especially fishermen who have to work at sea and at night. This naturally led to low income communities so many people who are waiting for help from the government.
    People are increasingly frustrated because they expect assistance is not forthcoming, there is no government to provide free oxygen bottles for victims who are in the worst hit areas because of the smoke. The government only said strong community to undergo this disaster. If only it were going to say I think Jokowi not have to come. This fact is not unusual because instead of Indonesian name if providing timely assistance. Not only the people of Indonesia who feel disadvantaged but neighboring countries have also been expressing their feelings of disappointment to the government of Indonesia, for example, just writing to say “thank Indonesia has made us like living in Europe”. Very embarrassing thing I have ever heard about Indonesia but people cannot get angry because they convey is true.
    Actually, this problem is a result of human action itself because the smoke is caused by forest fires were deliberately burned to expand the area for a place to plant oil palm. Example, happened in Riau, there is one place that is severely affected by the smoke. This is because the job will be done by one of the companies who want to plant oil palm agriculture. This is very disappointing, especially for the local government that gives permission to do the burning of forests without monitoring the performance of these workers.
    I hope the government and people can get a lesson with the incidence of this smoke. hopefully with the occurrence of the disaster could be aware of all the essential safeguard the environment and can cooperate in protecting forests from people who want to take advantage for himself

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