Developing an Essay Outline into Paragraphs

Developing an Essay Outline into Paragraphs

 

When you write the introductory paragraph, you start it with general statement and close it with thesis statement.

 

  1. Introduction

Thesis statement:     Students can use English well if only they do a lot of practices and exercises daily

 

Indonesia is in need of teachers who are able to use English fluently. In order to achieve this needs, Indonesian government has officially legalized an institution that provides opportunities for students to learn educational and training in a specific field. In West Sumatera, there is STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat, which is also known as College of Teacher Training and Education of West Sumatra. This institution will create teacher candidates who master their own specialized field of study. One of the fields of study is the department of English education. In this department, students are encouraged to use English. Students can use English well if only they do a lot of practices and exercises daily.

 

 

As you can read, the last sentence of the above paragraph is called as “thesis statement”; meanwhile, sentences that are written before the thesis statement is called as “general statement”.

 

  1. Topic Sentence 1: There are two language skills that are related to practices
    1. Speaking
Why?        : Speaking is important because it is always used in daily communication

How?        : Students can develop their speaking skill if they always make

  themselves engaged in a conversation, a short talk, or a friendly chat

with native speakers of English.

There are two language skills that are related to practices in English. They are speaking and writing. Speaking is important for students because it is always used in daily communication. For example, students will use the speaking skill in comprehension test when they want to graduate. Besides, they will also use the skill in delivering presentation in a class for a certain subject. Students can develop their speaking if they always make themselves engaged in a conversation, a short talk, or a friendly chat with native speakers of English.

 

 

The way the paragraph is developed as in the above example, means that the first sentence is called as the “topic sentence”. The rest is called as “supporting details”.

 

 

  1. Writing

Why?        : Writing is also important because it is used for written communication in daily life.

How?        : Students can practice writing well by writing their own ideas, criticism, and opinion about a particular thing. In the first time, grammar is not really necessary, but, when they are in an academic

writing, grammar is really important.

 

Writing is also important because it is used for written communication in daily life. Students can practice writing well by writing their own ideas, criticism, and opinion about a particular thing. In the first time, grammar is not really necessary, but, when they are in an academic writing, grammar is really important. For example, students will use their writing skill in writing an assignment and a thesis. If they cannot write well, their score, as a bachelor’s degree will be low. Finally, they will end with low score in the graduation day.

 

 

In the above paragraph, can you mention which sentence is categorized as topic sentence? Which sentences are categorized as supporting details?

 

 

  1. Topic Sentence 2: There are two language skills that are related to exercises
    1. Reading
Why?        : Reading is important because this skill is crucial for the students in understanding academic reading material.

How?        : Students can develop their reading skill by reading many books, and various kinds of text.

 

Meanwhile, there are two language skills that are related to exercises. They are reading and listening. Reading is important because this skill is crucial for the students in understanding academic reading material. They need this skill in order to help them understand various information and explanation written in many academic books. Therefore, students can develop their reading skill by reading many books, and various kinds of text. Moreover, this kind of skill is crucial for developing their critical thinking and adding new vocabulary.

 

In the paragraph above, it can be seen that the topic sentence is located in the first part of the paragraph. The same thing as in the previous paragraph, this one has supporting details as well. You can see that there are Transition Signals there. Can you mention what are they? What is their function?

 

 

  1. Listening

Why?        : Listening is important for the students because this skill will help them understand spoken English in an academic context.

How?        : Students can listen to international television or radio channel, such as BBC (British Broadcasting), and VOA (Voice of America).

 

Listening is important for the students because this skill will help them understand spoken English in an academic context. For example, they will use this skill in understanding a lecture given by an English lecturer. Although they study with non-English native lecturer, the students should be able to understand spoken English that is used in the lecture. Students can listen to international television or radio channel, such as BBC (British Broadcasting), and VOA (Voice of America).

 

 

Because the idea is about listening; therefore, the topic sentence should be related to listening. As you can read, the topic sentence is the answer of ‘why?’ in the outline of the essay.

 

  1. Conclusion:         By doing a lot of practices and exercises daily, students can improve their English.

In conclusion, by doing a lot of practices and exercises daily, students can improve their English language skills. The skills are reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Reading and listening can be achieved by doing many exercises; meanwhile, speaking and writing can be achieved by doing many practices. When the students have done the practices and exercise, it will help them to gain fluent and comprehensive English that can be used in their daily life.

 

When you want to write the concluding paragraph, you need to start it with a transition signal in order to let the readers know the last part of your essay. Do you still remember what are the transition signals used for indicating conclusion? What are they?

 

The above outline will become an essay as in the following 

The Essay

 

Indonesia is in need of teachers who are able to use English fluently. In order to achieve this needs, Indonesian government has officially legalized an institution that provides opportunities for students to learn educational and training in a specific field. In West Sumatera, there is STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat, which is also known as College of Teacher Training and Education of West Sumatra. This institution will create teacher candidates who master their own specialized field of study. One of the fields of study is the department of English education. In this department, students are encouraged to use English. Students can use English well if only they do a lot of practices and exercises daily.

There are two language skills that are related to practices in English. They are speaking and writing. Speaking is important for students because it is always used in daily communication. For example, students will use the speaking skill in comprehension test when they want to graduate. Besides, they will also use the skill in delivering presentation in a class for a certain subject. Students can develop their speaking if they always make themselves engaged in a conversation, a short talk, or a friendly chat with native speakers of English.

Writing is also important because it is used for written communication in daily life. Students can practice writing well by writing their own ideas, criticism, and opinion about a particular thing. In the first time, grammar is not really necessary, but, when they are in an academic writing, grammar is really important. For example, students will use their writing skill in writing an assignment and a thesis. If they cannot write well, their score, as a bachelor’s degree will be low. Finally, they will end with low score in the graduation day.

Meanwhile, there are two language skills that are related to exercises. They are reading and listening. Reading is important because this skill is crucial for the students in understanding academic reading material. They need this skill in order to help them understand various information and explanation written in many academic books. Therefore, students can develop their reading skill by reading many books, and various kinds of text. Moreover, this kind of skill is crucial for developing their critical thinking and adding new vocabulary.

Listening is important for the students because this skill will help them understand spoken English in an academic context. For example, they will use this skill in understanding a lecture given by an English lecturer. Although they study with non-English native lecturer, the students should be able to understand spoken English that is used in the lecture. Students can listen to international television or radio channel, such as BBC (British Broadcasting), and VOA (Voice of America).

In conclusion, by doing a lot of practices and exercises daily, students can improve their English language skills. The skills are reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Reading and listening can be achieved by doing many exercises; meanwhile, speaking and writing can be achieved by doing many practices. When the students have done the practices and exercise, it will help them to gain fluent and comprehensive English that can be used in their daily life. At the end, they will be professional English teachers in the future.

 

 

The total number of words                   : 539

The total number of paragraphs           : 6

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